Families supported by single parenthood are no longer viewed as nontraditional. Becoming apart of the social norm, 27% of the families in the United States are headed by only one single parent. As more single-parent families begin to emerge in North America, the public brings concern to examine the outcomes of these households for the wellbeing of children. Overall, financial difficulties and possible negative effects for children are two main issues of single-parenthood. However, a number positive factors of single-parenthood exist within these cons.
Single-parents are extremely vulnerable to financial problems. In 2000, Canadian single-parent families earn only an average of $27,700 annual income before-tax for lone mothers and $44,000 for lone fathers, compared to two-parent families at $78,800. Unless a parent is able to work two jobs, only one source of income can be obtained. This one single income must be sufficient to support not only their own living expenses, but also costs of raising children. These costs can include extra food, clothing, day care, and other necessities for children. Thus, single-parents are often the target of financial struggles, and must receive assistance from the government or close family to ease their burdens. Furthermore, although single parents may receive child support from former spousals, it is not always without difficulty. Former spousals are able to refuse payment, which usually brings both parties to court to settle a case. In conclusion, single-parent families suffer from having lower income than normal families, and this can causes a great deal of stress and problems if povertized conditions are given.
These financial issues described can be a possible factor for children growing up with single
parents having an increased risk of psychological problems. It is often difficult for single-parents in poor financial conditions to afford books and schooling for their children to achieve their best intellectual potential. Additionally, consumer goods such as clothing and electronics cannot be easily bought by single-parents to give their children equal social status among their surrounding peers. Furthermore, many poor single parent families live in areas of high crime rates and low-quality educational facilities. All of these factors can contribute to single-parent children acquiring behavioral problems and lower intelligence, which can be detrimental to the psychological state of children. In relation, when compared to families with two parents, single parents are less emotionally supportive of their children, have less restrictions and supervision, deal harsher and more inconsistent discipline, and overall more conflicts with their children. These traits can give negative outcomes to children, and bring out issues such as poor...