This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

This Paper Is About The Debates Between The Natural Sciences And The Social Sciences. It Covers The Theories Of Naturalism And Antinaturalism.

1584 words - 6 pages

Assignment #1 Fall 2002Throughout the study of the philosophy of Political Science there have been many debates over how to proceed with studying the discipline. I, along with Daniel Little, believe that one debate in particular rests at the center of both old and more modern conflicts within the profession--naturalism versus antinaturalism. It is this relationship between the social sciences and the natural sciences, or lack of a relationship according to some, which has been the focal point of dissension over the past few decades. Although the debate has evolved over time, I believe it is at the heart of such matters like the quantitative-qualitative debate and, therefore, still needs to be studied in classes today.Naturalism according to Daniel Little is the "view that the social sciences are methodologically similar to the natural sciences." Naturalists believe that one can approach the study of the social sciences in the same manner in which one studies the natural sciences. They believe in the use of scientific methods in order to explain and predict social phenomenon. Naturalists believe in the use of theories that can be tested empirically and then retested later on to get the same results.Daniel Little says the basic concept of science is "an empirical testability criterion, a logical coherence criterion, and an institutional commitment to intersubjective processes of belief evaluation and criticism . . ...." He then goes on to describe more elements like "the use of quantitative methods and models; commitment to explanation of observed phenomenon on the basis of underlying laws, processes, or mechanisms; a conception of theory as a unified system of hypotheses; use of controlled experimentation to evaluate hypotheses; extensive use of predictions based on theoretical reasoning; and commitment to background metaphysical beliefs." In other words the naturalists are looking to apply natural science principles like methodology and theory testability to the study of the social sciences. The question is if those scientific methods can actually be applied to the social sciences and actually come up with relevant information.I think naturalists are looking for ways to incorporate the long standing and very reliable methods of the natural sciences in order to create a sense of relevance for social sciences. The natural sciences have for many years applied different methods in order to explain different events in the world. It is not a surprise that the social sciences would look to the natural sciences as a mentor in pursuing the study of human phenomenon. Naturalists are looking to be able to make generalizable theories and "systematize" human behavior by studying the natural world. Little argues another reason why some social scientists push for naturalism because scientific methods lend themselves to better predictions and explanations. If a naturalists is able to apply scientific methods to social sciences, then he too can predict and...

Find Another Essay On This paper is about the debates between the natural sciences and the social sciences. It covers the theories of naturalism and antinaturalism.

What is it about theories in human sciences and natural sciences that make them convincing?

1253 words - 5 pages obtain data. This data may support or deny one’s hypothesis. The process stated above can be described as the scientific method. The scientific method in the natural sciences is a widely used technique by scientists in order to come to a conclusion about their previously thought of ‘theories.’ The scientific method depends largely on two important ways of knowing: reasoning and perception. This largely depends on reason to explain phenomenon

Ethics in the Arts and Natural Sciences

1363 words - 6 pages Ethical judgements often add complex implications to the pursuit of knowledge, regardless of the area of knowledge. In the areas of the arts and natural sciences, ethics can pertain in diverging ways. For the arts, ethics often comes into question when determining whether or not it is worthwhile to sacrifice ethics for artistic choices and messages. For the natural sciences, in contrast, ethics is often debated in the pursuit of new knowledge

Variations of Knowledge in The Arts and Natural Sciences

1541 words - 7 pages . Therefore the knowledge about a piece of art is never discarded but simply added to. Some may assume that the Natural Sciences contrast to the Arts and believe that unless something can be proved scientifically then it cannot be accepted as knowledge on any level. I have noticed an implication of this in the real world, where advertisers use the word ‘science’ as a guarantee of quality of their products. However, this argument is flawed as science

Compare and Contrast the natural and social sciences in their philosophy and approach to research

1072 words - 5 pages explore and identify the similarities and differences between the natural and the social sciences, in their philosophy and approach to research in order to bring to light the key issues underlying in this theoretical contradiction. The scientific model of the natural sciences is firstly introduced to the social sciences in the 19th century in an historical context of the Enlightenment movement, that emphasized the rational and logical

A Presidential Look: John Adams - The Only Federalist President This is a paper about the presidency of John Adams. It covers his economic, foreign, and domestic policies

1225 words - 5 pages first decade. It was fortunate for the nation, and for Adams' claim to presidential great-ness, that this single issue concerned foreign policy, the area in which the president had the most independent authority and the one for which Adams was best prepared for by experience. This issue was France.In 1796, Paris ended all diplomatic relations with the United States in response to Jay's Treaty of the previous year. Having expected the United States

Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss

1675 words - 7 pages the natural sciences it is a good thing that the ethical judgments stop the use of certain methodologies as they are inherently flawed and cause far too much bad for the little knowledge they produce. In the arts, knowledge is constantly being produced, and the only limitation on what knowledge can be produced is what knowledge the artist has to pass on. The implications for this are that by having an ethical system, humans limit the total amount

Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss

1744 words - 7 pages levels, and appeals to our senses, emotion, reason, and language, it inevitably affects us more than other areas of knowledge. There are few of us who would pay to see a scientific experiment, but most of us are regular cinema goers, or visit art galleries and photo exhibitions. Due to this, it is easy to be affected by something we read or see that seems to us to be something to which we should aspire. The natural sciences are the sciences that

Ethical judgements limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss

1662 words - 7 pages virtuous intentions. The fact that the destructive effects of the agent only arose later is an example of how ethical judgements failed to predict and limit the impact of chemical research, which subsequently resulted in fatal consequences. When the three different theories of ethics are compared together, they offer varied perspectives on how projects within the arts and the natural sciences should be judged. It appears that none of the

Ethical Judgements Limit the Methods Available in the Production of Knowledge in Both the Arts and the Natural Sciences. Discuss

1850 words - 7 pages to take advantage of them in this way ("Rights and Wrongs." Rights and Wrongs). All of these debates about GM food prevents European countries from conducting massive research on GM food and limits the method for the production of knowledge. Despite these restrictions, there are still research going on in many countries. In my opinion, in both the arts and natural sciences, ethical judgements are ethical considerations, but not ethical

Ethical judgements limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss

1318 words - 6 pages manipulate the children. Lines such as, “We will take care of you” and also, “Your parents are weak.” This shows the simply dialect to brainwash the children. Using this feature in the movie brings out the emotions in the audience relating to the absurdity of the actions of the war group. This is one of the reasons for the movie being such a success. The natural sciences are also prone to the effects of ethical judgment. Many methods of

Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences

752 words - 4 pages its aesthetic value, or should morality be included as well? Another example is war documentaries. Some argue that those reports should not be broadcasted to the public, whereas others perceive the necessity to show those reports. Again it is not black and white. Examining another perspective, it is incorrect to always say that ethical judgments limit the production of knowledge in arts and natural sciences. From reading about scientific and

Similar Essays

What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1264 words - 5 pages criticized as other experts claim this theory is “static” as there are other factors affecting such as climate, topography, history of development, technological improvements and personal preference. The mere differences between theories in human sciences and natural sciences are even broader. One of the main difference between both types of theories is the bare fact that natural sciences have, as explained previously, experiments which have an

What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1039 words - 4 pages specific elements that make it up, and appeal to different categories of individuals, thus making this fact believable and convincing for certain people, and not for others. So basically, just like the distinctions between truth and false; what may be convincing for me, may not necessarily be convincing for others. When taking in consideration the knowledge issue that theories in the human sciences and natural sciences have something that makes them

What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1483 words - 6 pages dependent on large amounts of data. Data collection is important because it leads to the creation of statistics that are often used in areas such as psychology and economics. Data from statistics can be vital when trying to convince the public that something is true because it serves as proof. It can also show the difference between the majorities and minorities and lead to a conclusion. Theories in the natural sciences are likely to be more

Tok Essay: What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1507 words - 6 pages theories in Human Sciences and Natural Sciences that make them Convincing? To begin this research, there are definitions of some key terms in the title that I will explain. The principal that introduces something to be a theory in sciences is that it must be an idea/claim that is descriptive, predictable and explanatory in nature. This is built around ideas that are supported by evidence, which corresponds to logic with the current knowledge