This Is A Project For My Intro To Pyschology Class On Anorexia Nervosa.

1172 words - 5 pages

Anorexia NervosaAnorexia nervosa is disorder characterized by a refusal to maintain normal weight, intense preoccupation with and unrealistic fear of weight gain, self-starvation, a distorted body image, and by the cessation of menstruation in women. The name comes from two Latin words meaning "nervous inability to eat". The process of eating becomes an obsession. Unusual eating habits develop, such as avoiding food and meals, carefully weighing and portioning food, and selecting a few foods and eating only those in small quantities (i.e. lettuce, crackers, and fruit).Affected Population- Anorexia has been considered as a disorder of upper- and middle-class white women - Current studies show members of both sexes, all races and all social classes affected- On average 0.5 to 4 percent of females suffer from anorexia in their lifetime- Disorder tends to begin during adolescence and early twenties- However, disorder can be present as late as mid-40's and in children as young as seven years old- Approximately 1% of women between ages 12 and 25- Do men get this disorder? If yes, then what percentage are male cases out of all cases?- Originally thought that only 5% of anorexics are male but that statistic is rising up closer to 10 %The Causes- What do you think some causes of anorexia are?- Exact cause of the disease is not yet known but it results from a combination of cultural, interpersonal, and biological factors- Increase in frequency of anorexia is thought to stem from increase in the idealization of thinness as a symbol of beauty- Adolescent onset is linked to the crisis caused by connection between the changing of one's body and society's overstressed importance on looks (especially that of women)- Risk of disorder is higher amid adolescents preparing for careers that require attention to weight and/ or appearance (dancers, fashion models, professional athletes, and actors)- Women whose mothers or sisters have the disorder appear to be at increased risk.- In twin studies, the genetic risk factor is 58%- History of physical or sexual abuse and troubled family and personal relationships. - Difficulty expressing emotions and feelings- History of teasing and ridiculing about being overweight- In females, rejection of female sexual maturity and desire to remain a child (reluctance to gain adult responsibilities)- Aspiration to resemble men as closely as possible (possible gender identity disorder)- Desire to appear as fragile and nonthreatening as possible to be attractive to men- In males, many causes are the same as females, such as occupational goals and increasing media emphasis on external appearance- In homosexual males, there is pressure to conform to ideal body weight 20 pounds less than the standard "attractive" weight for heterosexual malesSymptoms and Signs- Resistance to maintaining body weight at or above normal weight- Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat even when underweight- Disturbance in the way one's body weight or...

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