This Article Is Concerned About How The Chinese May Learn English Verbs Properly.

3126 words - 13 pages

Title:Chinese Interference in Learning English VerbsMother tongue interference is defined as the use of elements from one's native language while learning a second one. Instances of Chinese interference in English learning can be found at the level of pronunciation, morphology, syntax, vocabulary and meaning.English and Chinese verbs, although similar in many aspects, have some subtle but significant differences in semantic composition, bringing difficulties to Chinese students in learning English verbs.1. The semantic composition of verbsAccording to Webster's New World Dictionary, a verb is "a word that characteristically is the grammatical center of a predicate and expresses an act, occurrence, or mode of being...". From this definition we can see that the semantic function of a verb is to describe a motion, may it be an act, occurrence, or mode of being.However, motion itself cannot make up a motion event. There are other elements associated with motion such as direction (as in "take" and "bring"), manner (as in "prance"), aspect (as in "restart") and so on. All these associative elements, together with motion, constitute a motion complex.Semantic elements are realized by linguistic structures of various forms. A motion complex is expressed by what we call a verb complex, which comprises the head verb, the particle and the reflection. Since reflection is more concerned with grammar, we will limit ourselves to a consideration of the first two.Therefore, here we have two sets, as are illustrated in the following:Set A (motion complex) Set B (verb complex)motion head verbmanner particledirectioncauseresult......Noticeably, these two sets, that is, the semantic composition and its linguistic form, are seldom in one-to-one correspondence. In some cases a motion complex is realized by a single head verb, which is termed incorporation.e.g. He cupped his hands and I poured some water into them."Cup" means "to form (esp. the hands) into the shape of a cup", which depicts both motion and manner.However, sometimes a single verb is incapable of depicting a motion complex, in which case particles are used in conjunction with the head verb, indicating direction, manner, aspect, and so on.e.g. I ran in.Many direction verbs in Chinese like "ÉÏÈ¥", "ÏÂÀ´" are cases in point.In the following sections we will discuss how the head verb functions in fulfilling incorporation and how the particle plays an important part in the verb complex.2. A comparison of incorporation between English and Chinese head verbs2.1 Incorporation is abundant in language. Let's see some examples from English and Chinese:English verb Chinese equivalent Meaning (interpretation)to saw ¾â to cut with a sawÓþâ×ÓÇиîto target to aim at a target°Ñ......×÷ΪĿ±êto trudge to walk with heavy...

Find Another Essay On This article is concerned about how the chinese may learn english verbs properly.

This essay is entitled "the way of learning". it is an essay about how people learn and uses some quotes from the book "Siddhartha"

1351 words - 5 pages my own to make myself better and to learn by myself. In addition, I learned my own mistakes from my experience, which I will always remember because it happened to me and it wasn't some teacher preaching about it. Finally, another example is of how in a sports team like tennis, a drill is taught to the players so they would understand and learn the important concept. Later when playing in a game, they wont realize that they used that concept that

The title of this essay is Small business development of Fair Fast food restaurant, which is concerned about how Fair fast food restaurant successfully develop from a small business to a big industry

3491 words - 14 pages Title: Small business development of Fair Fast food restaurantExecutive summaryThis report covers the content that analysis of the Fair fast food restaurant is how to successfully operate and survive in the cutthroat market as a small business starter. Fast food and organized catering is nothing new to Hong Kong. Through SWOT analysis, we may easily find that Fair fast food had 12 years history in Hong Kong fast food industry and it is well

Vionence on TV and its impact on children. It was written by intermediate student of English and may be useful for other students on this level

746 words - 3 pages choose the best programs, e.g. 'family films', education programs, language courses etc. But not only! What about watching TV together? You think that you have no time, don't you? Don't tell me that you haven't an hour daily for your child. It may be also fun for you to watch cartoons! So if you want to have a normal, healthy child who will not murder you at the age of 5, you should teach him/her not only what real life is and what only film fiction but also how to live. And talk, talk and talk. And listen.

This essay is about how infants learn to trust or mistrust. i used it my child psycology class

876 words - 4 pages One of the first things that an infant learns is how to trust. Weather it be trust or mistrust, the infant goes through a process of learning this feeling. In order to understand how the infant learns to trust we must first understand what is important about learning trust and what kind of trust is the infant learning. Learning to trust one's helplessness to a trustworthy caregiver is the primary learning task of infancy. The infant needs to

This essay is concerned about training and development of a specific restaurant

5613 words - 22 pages ' for the training. The lighting and ventilation is also weak, not comfortable and accessible. This may make the trainees hard to concentrate on their training. Space for training is also not sufficient as they use their outlet for the training.There is less feedback during the classroom training. Feedback is information about how well people are meeting the training objective, less feedback may cause the confusion for the objective of training

This article is about the debt limitation bill of the Governemnt Of Pakistan

1698 words - 7 pages present plus dollar equivalent of domestic debt of Rs1812 billion i.e. $31.5 billion, makes total public debt liability equivalent to $66.5 billion. These figures show that public debt in terms of dollars, volume-wise has increased by $6.25 billion. How does government justify that public debt is on the decrease? It only justifies as a percentage of GDP. Where lies the reality about total public debt? The Debt Policy Coordination Office (DPCO) may

This essay is about Article II of the United States Constitution

907 words - 4 pages from office. This process is called impeachment. There are specific convictions that can cause a President, Vice President, or any officer of the United States, to be removed from his/her post. These include bribery, treason, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.In concluding, Article II of the Constitution lays out the specific plans as to how the executive branch of the government should function. The men who wrote it 200 years ago thought of almost of everything, and the few ideas they forgot were later added by the 12th and 25th Amendments. Article II is specifically laid out for a President to run this country successfully.

WHO IS INSPECTOR GOOLE AND WHAT IS HIS FUNCTION IN THE PLAY? HOW MAY THIS FUNCTION BE CONVEYED IN PERFORMANCE?

3239 words - 13 pages features which Daldry had added.The house that the Birlings live in is used very symbolically and what was noticeable about the stage production was that it was a very non-realistic set; this signifies the Inspector?s non-realistic function. At the beginning of the performance, the house is on stilts, it is a foundation of exploitation as all the Birling money comes from the labour of lower class people. The house is also enclosed ? the Birlings

With reference to a relevant example(s), explain what is meant by the term 'folk devil' and discuss how this may or may not influence the public perc

2238 words - 9 pages . By demonising these people is to take the humanity from them and the public fears humans that lack humanity and naturally are drawn to buy copies to learn more of the evil that walks among them (Rock, 1977). The media has countless motivations to create and over dramatise folk devil's existence. When a group of people begin to congregate as outcasts the media brings a spotlight to them. This creates an entirely new persona to the group. Suddenly

This is about how Oedipus symbolized mankind

769 words - 3 pages thinker was Leonardo Da Vinci. He was the first man to go into detail about the human body and discovered many facts about the brain which we use today. Also, Da Vinci made a great engineering task by desiging a 250 mile bridge which was completed in October of this year. For killing the Sphinx he is the city's savior, but his intelligence pursed him to his downfall.Oedipus's life was determined by destiny. To illustrate, Oedipus does live up to

How much do we learn about Gatsby's character and how is it revealed

2598 words - 10 pages How much do we learn about Gatsby's character and how is it revealed to us? Throughout The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby appears to be motivated by the pursuit of wealth and a life with Daisy, but how does this show up his character? What we know about Gatsby is severely limited by the information that Carraway, who himself only meets Gatsby at the start of the novel, feeds to us. During the short summer, in which the book takes place, our

Similar Essays

This Essay Is Concerned About The The Features Of Advertising Language And Analysis Of Advertising English Through Classification

4979 words - 20 pages the first step is to use popular and oral language to make it easy to understand and memorize.For example:"I couldn't believe it, until I tried it!""I'm impressed! I'm really impressed!""You've gotta try it!""I love it!"This is an advertisement of a microwave oven. The words in it are very simple and oral. It uses the slang "gotta", which means "got to" in American English, to give an impression that this advertisement comes from the real life

This Is An Analysis Essay About The San Francisco Earthquakes Article By Jack London Inspire School, English Analysis Essay

472 words - 2 pages The Story of an Eyewitness is an article about a journalist named Jack London and his first-person account of the awful aftermath of the San Francisco earthquake in 1906. He describes how nothing else remained at the end of the earthquake and fires and gives us a very detail description of the aftermath. London’s original report appeared in Colliers Weekly, May 5, 1906. His amazing descriptions really transport the reader right into the burning

Should People Learn Chinese Or English?

931 words - 4 pages such as research, entertainment, business, and industry.In order to gain benefits in these areas, people must understand specific languages that can be applied and popular around the world(Pinon and Jon 5). This research is to analyse and survey about preference between Chinese and English language. Based on opportunities that shows how many different areas of engagement in modern society. Evidently, English language is popular as compared to

Shooting An Imperialistic Elephant This Is An Article Critique Of George Orwell's Shooting An Elephant. It Was Submitted As An Assignment For A Course In English Writing

1113 words - 4 pages of an animal represents the imperialistic tyrant plundering through the Burmese villages and causing destruction. The elephant could also represent the narrator's conscience, something he tries hard to ignore. This is a very apt way of referring to the well-known English proverb "the elephant in the room", even though the animal being an elephant is of pure coincidence. Eventually he kills his conscience and makes a pathetic