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        Thomas Aquinas Lived From 1225 To 1274; This Was A

1157 words - 5 pages

Thomas Aquinas lived from 1225 to 1274; this was a critical time for Western Theology. This was a time when faith and reason came together. During this period of time theologians were coming to apply Aristotle's principles of thought to Christian faith. Aquinas did not lead a very eventful life in the eyes of most people, but the man revolutionized Christian Theology. At the age of five, Aquinas began his studies at Montecassino, a Benedictine monastery. Aquinas continued his studies at the University of Naples when the monastery became a battle site. During his studies in Naples, Aquinas was introduced to the Dominican Order. The Dominican Order was a new order that applied the old concepts of Aristotle to modern faith. Over the protests of his family, Aquinas joined the Dominican Order. After joining the order, Aquinas went north to Paris and Cologne to further his studies. Aquinas completed his studies in Paris, and held one of the Dominican seats in the Faculty of Theology for three years. Next, Aquinas left Paris to join the mobile Papal Court and stayed in Dominican houses all over Italy. After ten years Aquinas was called back to Paris to join in debate against the new Latin Averroism. After another three years in the Faculty of Theology, Aquinas was reassigned to Naples. Aquinas died on March 7th on his way to the Council of Lyon. Aquinas died in the Cistercian abbey at Fossanova, which is less than fifteen miles away from Roccasecca, Aquinas's place of birth.Thomas Aquinas is perhaps the most recognized and respected theologian of all time. Aquinas supported a belief system that was heavily based in predeterminism. Predeterminism has to do with free will, or the lack of free will in human beings. Aquinas believed in a soft form of predetermined destiny. He believed that God was ultimately responsible for all acts of man and nature. To get a realistic idea of what Aquinas believes we must touch base on a few principles of theology.Aquinas bases his theology upon the concept of the Cosmological Theory, or First Cause. Aquinas believes that God must exist for anything to exist. Aquinas believes that God is the first, unchanging, and infinite cause for everything. The first principle of existence is "out of nothing, nothing comes." The universe requires a cause for its existence; such a cause must be beyond the limits of the universe as well. Since this being is the first cause it must be considered the greatest of all things, for all things come from it. God by definition is the greatest conceivable being. He is perfectly knowing, perfectly powerful, and totally independent in His existential nature. Aquinas believed that God had a plan for existence and mankind. In the Summa Aquinas states, "The spiritual being of God is further defined as thinking and willing. His knowledge is absolutely perfect since he knows himself and all things as appointed by him. Since every knowing being strives after the thing known as end, will is implied in...

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