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Thomas Hardy, 'tony Kytes, The Arch Deceiver' And Charlotte Perkins Gilman, 'turned'

1710 words - 7 pages

The stories 'Tony Kytes, The Arch-Deceiver' and 'Turned' are somewhat similar when presenting the relationship between men and women but also they are different; the author of 'Tony Kytes' Thomas Hardy is sending the message that men and women are both equally foolish when in love. On the other hand Charlotte Perkins Gilman shows a lot of feminist themes in her story 'Turned' by saying that men are deceitful and abusive of women and that women are their victims and should fight back by uniting and looking out for each other.This, however, is not the only difference between the stories, there are many others concerning, for example, forms and structure: in 'Turned' Gilman does not go with the story in a traditional order, she uses a lot of flashbacks as the story starts with parallel beginnings of Mrs. Marroner and Gerta both crying "In her soft-carpeted, thick-curtained, richly furnished chamber, Mrs. Marroner lay sobbing on the wide, soft bed" and "In her uncarpeted, thin-curtained, poorly furnished chamber on the top floor, Gerta Petersen lay sobbing on the narrow, hard bed", then we go back to the reason of their crying then move back to what they did after they cried. Hence going back and forth with the story and making the structure of it complicated, like the characters' lives and problems. Hardy, however, prefers to go with the story in chronological order resorting only to one flashback thus making the story simple like his characters' lives and problems. Also the journey by the wagon from the market place, over the hill then back to Tony's home resembles the great journey of life; the hill also could be a symbol of problems. Tony's journey resembles the journey of Odysseus in the Odyssey but on a much simpler plane.Another difference, concerning language, is that language in 'Turned' is complex, words are long and sophisticated. For example, instead of saying 'information' Gilman uses the word 'enlightenment'. Also, Mrs. Marroner is shown as high-class, educated women when she says "I never saw anyone so docile... It is perfection in a servant, but almost a defect in character. She is so helpless and confiding." Here Gilman uses uncommon polysyllabic words to show that she is sophisticated, an extended metaphor of water is also used, "...swimming under the water and could not find the top", "And then came the deluge." In 'Tony Kytes' Hardy uses dialect to show the social and historical setting of the characters which is rural England in the eighteenth centaury, examples of this include: "baddish" and "nunny watch".Also, concerning social and historical content is another difference, which is that in 'Turned' social class is more important then in 'Tony Kytes' for example in 'Turned' the social difference between Mrs. Marroner and Gerta is great. Mrs. Marroner is a wealthy, high-class and highly educated women, Gerta, on the other hand, is described as "willing" and "docile" she is also uneducated. Although in Tony Kytes' the social...

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