Thomas Hobbes Essay

826 words - 4 pages

AUTHORS: Thomas Hobbes, (1588-1679), was a Philosopher, Scientist and Historian from Wiltshire, England. Following his graduation from the University of Oxford, Hobbes went to work as a private tutor for the young William Cavendish, son of the First Earl of Devonshire. Later William became a Member of Parliament and was accompanied by Hobbes to many debates. During this exposure Hobbes wrote a piece, which later was printed as The Elements of War, Natural and Politic. Although he did not expect the book to be published, it is known to be his first piece on Political Philosophy. In this book, Hobbes defended the ideas of King Charles I, in regards to his royal duties. Parliament used ...view middle of the document...

The second reason is that people are timid and consequently defend themselves for self-confidence. And lastly, people will battle for recognition of their accomplishments. This constant combat between individuals causes a relentless “state of war.”
The theme of this book is Order and Authority. Hobbes explains that in order to restore peace and stability, all individuals must give up their personal rights to a superior Leader or group of Leaders. This new Leader, the “Sovereign,” has authority to make all decisions for the people under the “commonwealth.” This contract will protect the citizens and their properties against other individuals.
Hobbes goes on to state that it is not acceptable for a man to pretend that he is bonded to God; He is not a bodily being. Therefore, someone must represent Him and this would be considered unwarranted. Once this contract has been made all individuals must remain in this agreement and cannot be freed of it.
RELEVANCE: More then a century after Leviathan was written, the United States of America was in a comparable position. With the Articles of Confederation, written in 1781, each sate was able to govern independently within their borders. The central government dealt only with international business and wars. This created a weakness within government allowing for revolts within its people.
Shays’ Rebellion in 1786 proved the weakness between states and the national government. Citizens of Massachusetts, led by Daniel Shays, revolted against property confiscations due to high debt and unpaid taxes. After six months Massachusetts was able to regain...

Find Another Essay On Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes Essay

1598 words - 6 pages the relationship between this rule and subjection. What is more, whilst exploring the relationship between rule and subjection we will pay specific attention to the concept of consent, an idea that was first forwarded by the British philosopher, Thomas Hobbes. Herein it will be possible to make links to the analysis of political and social theorists such as Jean Jacques Rousseau, and Emile Durkheim whose concepts of democracy and social

Life of Thomas Hobbes Essay

1720 words - 7 pages 1"Life of Thomas Hobbes"Joe RovelliPolitical SociologyProfessor AbramsFall "06"1Thomas Hobbes was born in London in 1588. He received his college education at Oxford University in England, where he studied classics. The contributions he has made to philosophy is remarkable to say the least. Hobbes became interested and spent a great deal of his life trying to figure out why people allowed themselves to be ruled and what would be the best form of

Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan

2488 words - 10 pages In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes contends that government should highly restrict individual liberty. Readers find it difficult to determine why Hobbes thinks government should restrict so much individual liberty. On the surface, it seems that Hobbes believes that individual liberty engenders revolt against the government, threatening the stability of the government and preventing the government from protecting its people. However, a closer

Thomas Hobbes politcal theory

1521 words - 6 pages Thomas Hobbes's was an English Political philosophy who wrote during the seventieth century. He wrote during a time of civil war in England. This led to his worldview of security as the most important thing in life even above freedom or liberty. Hobbes thus formulated that the best form of government was an elected absolute monarchy.Hobbes felt that society resembles a state of nature. In the state of nature, human beings are equal. By being

Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan

1035 words - 4 pages A state of nature is a hypothetical state of being within a society that defines such a way that particular community behaves within itself. English philosopher Thomas Hobbes proclaimed that, “A state of nature is a state of war.” By this, Hobbes means that every human being, given the absence of government or a contract between other members of a society, would act in a war-like state in which each man would be motivated by desires derived

Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan

976 words - 4 pages Born during a period of medieval philosophy, Thomas Hobbes developed a new way of thinking. He perfected his moral and political theories in his controversial book Leviathan, written in 1651. In his introduction, Hobbes describes the state of nature as an organism analogous to a large person (p.42). He advises that people should look into themselves to see the nature of humanity. In his quote, “ The passions that incline men to peace, are

Thomas Hobbes Leviathan

1867 words - 7 pages eradication of Aids and poverty, or the John D. Rockefeller's and Andrew Carnegie's of yester year not disprove Hobbes view of Human nature? How would Thomas Hobbes explain the sacrifice of ones own life for a just cause or belief like those paid by the great abolitionists John Brown and Saint Thomas More? Is not the preservation of ones own life Hobbes main premise for choosing a life with a sovereign as opposed to living in the state of

Thomas Hobbes - Leviathon

1810 words - 7 pages In Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan, theory of the state of nature serves as a justification, legitimizing and arguing for the authority of the state, by providing the logic behind sovereignty. The theory illustrates the point that without government, man is in, Hobbes believes, an awful state of nature, where peace, order and liberty are impossible. It is difficult to interpret, however, exactly whether Hobbes' posits a pessimistic or optimistic view

Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes

1631 words - 7 pages In his Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes outlined his views on law, the individual and the state. It is the first and foremost pieces on social contract theory. Hobbes explains the emergence of a sovereign, as “an embodiment of people’s individual and collective will to live in conditions of security, peace and some minimal prosperity” . He takes off with a hypothetical scenario that he refers to as “the state of nature”, wherein he analyzes the

Thomas Hobbes' View on Government

736 words - 3 pages Thomas Hobbes' View on Government         Thomas Hobbes in his controversial work, the Leviathan, declares that such       a government based on the rule of the common people, would result in       anarchy and total pandemonium.         But before one can understand Hobbes' view on government, it is important       to understand how Hobbes feels about people. Hobbes has a very       materialistic view on

John Locke versus Thomas Hobbes

1303 words - 5 pages Change is in the inevitable byproduct of society. As societies evolve they change according to the life style of the people who inhabit them. Without change, society would never progress and thus would be frozen in a single moment in time. Thomas Hobbes and John Lock were two English philosophers who observed tremendous changes in English politics between the years of 1640 and 1690. In closely examining the views of both of these philosophers in

Similar Essays

Thomas Hobbes Essay

1482 words - 6 pages Thomas Hobbes, 1588-1679, was an English philosopher of the Enlightenment period who had a very harsh view on human nature and severely doubted our ability to make decisions for the good of society. Hobbes was born on April 5, 1588 in London, England to impoverished parents, so it was his wealthy uncle who provided the funds for his education. His advanced intellect as a child was recognized and he received training in Greek and Latin classics

Thomas Hobbes Essay

1557 words - 6 pages When one examines the maxim of Thomas Hobbes as set forth in Leviathan it becomes obvious that Hobbes believes the nature of man to be bad. According to Hobbes, if we as men were left to exercise our own private judgement regarding our affairs we would most assuredly collapse into a state of war. He believes that when there is no singular, ever-present power to keep man in awe, and to control man by fear of punishment from that singular power

Thomas Hobbes Essay

1627 words - 7 pages Thomas Hobbes was born in 1588, and was the son of an English man who fathered three children with his wife. Thomas was reading and writing at age four, acquired functional knowledge of Latin and Greek at age six, and went off to study at Oxford at the age of fifteen (Ebenstein & Ebenstein, 1991). Hobbes studied at Oxford for five years, and it is said that he was nonchalant about the course of study which he thought was "arid and old

Thomas Hobbes Essay 673 Words

673 words - 3 pages Thomas Hobbes was the philosopher who supported the ideas of legal positivism that untangled morality from law. The divine right is a tool in which the government used to exercise power over the masses with an eternal threat of death. He wasn't really a believer in God, he believed in natural law but deviates from the idea by leading to ordinary conclusions. One of those ordinary conclusions he discusses in his book entitled The Leviathan was