Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia on April 2, 1743, according to Old Style; however it is celebrated on April 13th because of the shift to the Gregorian calendar. He had a total of 9 siblings, he had 6 sisters and 3 brothers, and he was the fourth of the eldest males. (Thomas Jefferson- A biography, 1957 p.10) Thomas Jefferson was chosen to be the author of the Declaration of Independence’s first draft. John Adams appointed him as the writer because of his “happy talent for composition and singular felicity of expression.” In only 17 days, Thomas Jefferson drafted “one of the most beautiful and powerful testaments to liberty and equality in world history.” Thomas Jefferson will be forever honored as one of the great American Founding Fathers. (www.biography.com) Thomas Jefferson was also the third president of the United States and he negotiated the Louisiana Purchase with France which doubled the size of the United States.
His early education was from tutors at home and Anglican clergymen. His father enrolled him in different schools so he could learn new languages, “in a letter to Philadelphia publisher Joseph Delaplaine on April 12, 1817, Jefferson claimed to read and write six languages: Greek, Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, and English.” (http://en.wikipedia.org) Thomas Jefferson enrolled in the College of William & Mary on March 25, 1760, at the age of sixteen; here he was taught by William Small. He was a very diligent student; he would spend up to fifteen hours a day studying. John Page of Rosewell was his closest friend in college; he said that Jefferson “could tear himself away from his dearest friends, to fly to his studies.” Two years later he finished his studies and since there were not law schools in America, his only choice was to study with a practicing attorney, he went on to study law under George Wythe for the next five years. Jefferson referred to Wythe as “my second father,” "my antient master, my earliest and best friend," adding that "to him I am indebted for first impressions which have had the most salutary influence on the course of my life." In 1806 Wythe died by poisoning at the hands of a grand-nephew; the news “shocked Jefferson to the cry that ‘such an instance of depravity has been hitherto to known to us only in the fables of poets.’” (http://www.wm.edu/about/history/tjcollege/tjcollegelife/ and Thomas Jefferson- A biography p.13) Thomas Jefferson attended the House of Burgesses as a student in 1765 when he witnessed Patrick Henry's defiant stand against the Stamp Act. He gained the Virginia bar and began practice in 1769, and was elected to the House of Burgesses in 1769. It was there that his involvement in revolutionary politics began. He was never a very vocal member, but his writing, his quiet work in committee, and his ability to distill large volumes of information to essence, made him an invaluable member in any deliberative body.
Jefferson met Martha...