Discuss what Thoreau considered to be important in life?
Nature and the benefits of a simplified lifestyle were important to Thoreau. Thoreau makes the statement how “brute creation requires more than Food and Shelter. Even in a certain climate, Thoreau felt that a man’s necessities are Food, Shelter, Clothing, and Fuel. He states how cats and dogs require the same second nature.
Liebig says, “ man’s body is a stove, and food is the fuel which keeps the internal combustion in the lungs. In cold weather we tend to eat more and in the summer, we eat less. The animal heat is a result of slow combustion, disease and death take place when this is too rapid from want of fuel.” Some may agree that in the winter we eat more and in the warm we eat less. Liebig’s analogy only proves one point that just as fuel is to the stove, so is food to our bodies. Thoreau believes that Nature overrides the intake of Food, meaning we can find other ways of nature to necessitate the warmth of our bodies. Clothing and shelter and our beds are examples of warmth. He finds all of this unnecessary if you seek for luxury and go beyond what you can afford.
Thoreau sought his necessities at Walden Pond, White Pond, Flints’ and Golden Pond. It was at these ponds that he was able to attain all of Nature’s resources. His description of the evening time, he calls it “delicious”. He feels at one with Nature, “a part of herself”. These are the simple things in life that turn Thoreau on. It is not the society of humans which he gravitates to, but it is the society of Nature. Even the sounds of the hooting owls, the sparrow chirps, and the midnight hags which are the nocturnal birds that brought satisfaction to Thoreau. It did not matter to him that there was no communication. Thoreau describes the hooting owls as “idiotic and maniacal”, meaning they voice “unsatisfied thoughts which all have”. He takes note how Nature creeps up to his windowsill. Thoreau says, “Nature and human life are as various as our several constitutions. The draught of the morning air was the only medicine he needed in life. He was in awe of the morning air, he felt that every man should have a dose, and it should be sold in the shops.
Why did he choose to live in the woods?
“I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, when I came to die, and discover that I had not live.” Thoreau’s mentor, Ralph Waldo Emerson, inspired Thoreau to experiment living in the woods. He went to live in the woods temporarily at Walden Pond to meditate. He needed the opportunity to illustrate all the privileges of less complex living. He compares a farmer on the farm to a prisoner in chains. He calls it working harder than necessary for subsistence that shackles people. Thoreau believes in lessening one’s needs. Thoreau suggests that living in the woods is less work, and it is less expensive. Thoreau identifies this type of living as...