The first part of the assignment concerns the characteristics of
Thornbury Castle, and in particular its defensive and palace like
Having visited the site, in my opinion Thornbury Castle displays both
defensive and luxurious, palace like features. The Castle has the
beginning of a ditch which could be argued as being a moat.
Crennelations, machicolations, gun/arrow loops and portcullis grooves
are all strong defensive features included in the building of
Thornbury Castle. Arguably, the most defensive feature of Thornbury
Castle is the evidence of a barracks. Palace and luxurious features
include large windows, beautifully decorated terracotta chimneys and
large flowered gardens.
In the nineteenth century restoration works were carried out,
including the re-roofing and completion of the west front tower (1809)
and extensive restoration of the south front (1854) under the
direction of Anthony Salvin. The reason for the restoration was
because following the execution of the Duke of Buckingham in 1521, the
Castle experienced two centuries of decline. Thornbury Castle was sold
in 1959 (by The Howards) for its current use as a hotel and
restaurant, the restoration works were therefore not completed as
planned by The Howards in the nineteenth century.
A feature of the Tudor era was a long period where the country was
ruled by powerful monarchs (in particular Henry VII, Henry VIII and
Elizabeth I). Unlike the medieval period, where lords and barons with
private armies fought regularly over land rights, the country was
united under strong leadership. The castles built, for example these
constructed by Henry VIII (such as Deal in 1539) were for national
defence. Castles were no longer constructed by barons as they had been
in previous times, although many of the buildings constructed by the
rich and powerful continued to have defensive features. These can be
seen at Thornbury Castle. The so called 'Tudor Palace' was therefore
more of a symbol of wealth as opposed to a necessary means of defence.
Despite the trend towards luxurious country houses, Tudor palaces
still included the defensive features noted above at Thornbury Castle.
At the time that Thornbury Castle was being built, other buildings
were not that dissimilar, in the sense that again they display both
palace like and defensive features. Many of the buildings have
crennelations which are more of a decorative feature. Most of the
buildings are of similar design to Thornbury Castle but not one of
them has included in their design arrow slits or a barracks, but
Thornbury does. Hampton Court Palace is almost identical to Thornbury
Castle. One feature found in both castles are...