The US has a complex patch that has been demonstrated in its framework and enforcement practices that are associated with drug laws. A number of federal and state policies have been formulated that sometimes seem to overlap hence giving rise to a number of conflicts among the different level of governments. This essay will explore and demonstrate the federal drug policy that the US Federal Government is designing and the issues of federalism that the policy raises.
The US Drug Policy
The current US drug control policy has a big concern for the drug abuse context and the general public health especially due to the fact that it is being to young Americans. According to Gaines $ Miller (2010 p.383), the drug prevention is incorporated in form of three elements and has been put under the White House Office, National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP).
Priorities of ONDCP
Termination of drug use before initiation; this focuses on preventing use of drugs and is done by research based programs
Focus on providing heals and treatment to America’s drug users and abusers. This involves programs that are of intervention and drug abuse nature which aim on sustainable recovery of drug users and provision of after care.
The third focus is to unsettle the drug market. This is done by attacking the supply side of the drugs
The history of drug use dates back to the 19th century during the US Civil War. This saw a number of policies being introduced and by the year 1898, heroine was inaccessible. The next drugs that were targeted were alcohol and by the year 1906, the US Congress passed the Pure Food and Drug Act (PFDA) to help stop the use of such drugs. The next drug that was targeted was opium and an act was passed in 1909 to ban it. Congress has since passed a number of acts to establish a control over the use of other drugs like marijuana and other narcotics.
Issues of federalism have been raised by the federal drug policy, the states and authorities that formulate the laws. According to the US constitution Article 1, all powers rests with the states. However, times have changed and this has seen changing circumstances with the federal government that has the right to formulate and implement drug policies. The basic decision making through power cluster implies...