Three Branches Of The United States Government

1542 words - 6 pages

The following paper will discuss the branches of the United States government. The paper will include reasons why our forefathers divided the government into the legislative, judicial, and presidential branches; how the branches interact with each other and how the braches are balanced in power. This paper will also discuss the success of the three branches and how conflict arose between supporters of a strong federal government versus supporters of states’ rights. Finally, the paper will include possible suggestions of different efficiency designs along the way.
Reasons behind the Equal 3
The reasons why the Unites States forefathers divide the government into the legislative, judicial, and presidential braches are because of the limited and self-government traditions during the colonial period (Patterson, 2008, p. 36). The United States did not want to be a government like England. The United States did not want a dictatorship or monarchy when they broke away from Britain. The United States forefathers wanted to create a government that promoted a majority rule, but also has restrictions on the amount of power of the majority. Under the Articles of Confederation, protecting the rights of the people and building a strong centralized government was necessary. This is why the United States adopted the legislative, judicial, and presidential branches. Each branch holds both power and restrictions while working together, called a checks and balance system. The first three Articles of the Constitution list the responsibilities of each branch. The legislative branch writes and ratifies laws while the judicial branch promotes justice and dispute resolution. Finally, the executive branch handles the management of the state.
How the Branches Interact with Each Other
The legislative branch of the government consists of Congress, which contains 2 chambers – the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate consists of 2 elected officials every 6 years and the House of Representatives contains 435 official throughout country based on the population of each state. The executive branch consists of the President and his Cabinet which oversees the operations of government agencies and departments, such as the Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Department of Defense. Finally, the judiciary branch resolves disputes and hears cases that challenge the law. The judiciary branch contains 1 chief Justice and 8 Associate Justices (Whitehouse.gov 2008).
Each branch works together and holds accountability to each other. For a Federal law to be passed, it must first be written by Congress and the House of Representatives and approved by the President. It is also the legislative branch that determines the salary of members from other branches. However, it is upon the judiciary branch to uphold the law and investigate if laws are conflicting with human rights. Another example is if the President and his Cabinet are...

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