Three Branches Of American Government Essay

1898 words - 8 pages

Three Branches of American Government
The origins of the American government are traced all the way back to the struggle between British colonists and the British monarch. The thirteen colonies were growing rapidly, and had been creating their own political and legal systems. The British monarchy imposed a series of taxes on the colonists, and ignored the colonies argument of taxation required representation. After parliament created a punishment to end self-government in Massachusetts, the thirteen colonies joined together in a congress that led to an armed conflict in April of 1775. The next year on July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was adopted by congress and drafted by Thomas Jefferson, and the American government was born.
The American government is a simple yet complex system comprised of three different branches: Legislative Branch, Executive Branch, and Judicial Branch. To understand how each of these branches work, it is essential to understand what a government is. Government is, the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies.
The American government is comprised of three different branches: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branch. Each one of the branches is essential to the government, and the other two branches. Each branch plays an important part in making sure the other two are doing what they are supposed to be doing, as well as making sure its own duties are getting done. Without these three branches America’s government would be chaos.
The American government is a simple, yet complex system comprised of three different branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branch.

Legislative Branch
The Legislative Branch was established by Article 1 of the Constitution. The Legislative Branch consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives, which together form the United States Congress.
The first step in the legislative process an introduction of a bill to Congress. Anyone can write a bill, but only members of congress can introduce legislation. Important bills are traditionally introduce at the request of President, such as the annual federal budget. After introduction, the bill is sent to the appropriate committee for review. If the full committee votes to approve it, it is placed on the calendar for consideration. The House has a very structured debate process next. It is then sent to the president for consideration.
There are 17 senate committees with 70 subcommittees, and 23 house committees, with 104 subcommittees. These committees are not rock solid, but change in number and form with each new congress to keep it efficient for the consideration of legislation. The individual committees oversee a specific policy area, the more specialized areas are taken on by the subcommittees. The house committee, for example, on ways and means includes subcommittees on social security.
The majority and minority party leaders are elected at the beginning of each Congress by...

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