Children are express their feelings through their behaviour because this is the way they know how to tell the people how they feel. Children's behaviour is influenced by a range of physical, biological, social and emotional, and environmental factors. "challenging behaviour is any form of behaviour that interferes with children's learning or normal development, is harmful to the child, or adults or puts a child in a high risk category for later social problems or school failure."(Chandler and Dahlquist,1997;Klass, Guskin, and Thomas,1995; Ritchie and Pohl, 1995).
Here are lots of challenging behaviours we can find in the childcare centres, this essay will focus on discussing in three challenging behaviours that children commonly exhibit in the early childhood setting, they are hitting, non-compliance and name calling behaviours.
Hitting is one kind of behaviour that children present others people with their feeling, and expressing themselves. Children may hit other child when they are fighting with toys. Such as A is playing a toy car, another child B just come and robbing A's car, at that time A's feeling is angry, so that A hit B, that's the way when A get angry, he may have difficulty to express himself verbally. Teachers, parents and whanau should have a responsibility to encourage children to develop their language skills, encourage them to use words to explore their feeling, like " Stop! I don't like it" or "I'm not happy when.....". Children notice and learn from others people's feeling, action and reaction, television and movies are the most influence to the children, because children are lack of copying skill, they are also like copy what the people do in the television or movies, such as Ben10 Watch and Spiderman, there are lots of fighting sense in it. However, teachers, parents and whanau should use the positive guidance strategies to help children to begin to understand when something is inappropriate. Role play and role modelling situations as necessary for the children, it is important for teachers, parents and whanau to develop a clear positive guidance of children's behaviour and continuously reflect upon them, building a good partnership with parents and whanau, communicate clearly to them about the centre's approach to behaviour management is the effectively and efficiently way to manage children's behaviour.
Non- compliance means not following, a child who is not following the centre rules or routines that is non-compliance behaviour. Some children who are new to attend to the early childhood centre, they're also non-comply to the teachers, because there is a new environment and peoples to them, they will feel strange and scared, they may be rebellious and scream "no" to the teachers and running away when teachers have asked...