This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Three Major Pandemics Essay

2049 words - 8 pages

Pandemics have been a problem since the beginning of the mankind. There have been significant pandemics such as the influenza, TB, Cholera, AIDS, and most recently SARS. What is causing pandemics to rise in an alarming rate? Most pandemics start really small then escalate to a large degree. In the video about the 1918 Influenza, it started with one person in a remote village and it affected many in shape, healthy men. Today most of these contagious diseases are gone; however during this bioterrorism is a huge threat to the United States. In 2001, Anthrax was a big problem in the United States. The anthrax powder substance were put into letters and sent to people such as Tom Brokaw and Senator Tom Daschle (Hanley, B5). How prepared are we for this kind of attack? There are classes around the tri-city that teaches the local residence on how to deal with this kind of situation. The Fire Department and paramedics are there to instruct people. They have the participating people play various roles. First everyone is handed a card to inform them what kind of person they are playing. It can range from young to old. Then they make everyone fill out forms regarding how they are feeling. This is critical because it informs the physicians what kind of medical attention the person needs. After everyone is handed pills, but really M&Ms, to take incase there was something left undetected by the physicians. I feel this is a necessary informational event for people in this area to take because the Bay Area is a huge threat for bioterrorism.AIDS has been around since the mid 1960s, but the first recorded case was in 1981. For twenty-five years AIDS has affected over 35 million people. First it was called gay related immune deficiency because it was thought this disease was created by homosexual individuals. Then it was discovered that the cause was through blood or bodily fluid transfer. AIDS is a result from HIV when a person's T cells are below 200 (Sobel). Researchers know a lot of about this disease. They have a display model of how the virus attacks the immune system. The model is written in intricate details so people will know all the facts.The widespread of this disease is very troubling. It can't be stopped right now because of the inadequate or lack of research in this field. Many people don't take the time to learn about the consequences of this disease. They engage in activities that will result in this horrific disease. I think the cost of research is the problem. There isn't enough money to fund it so no progress is being made. The world has many problems that need funding to eliminate it. The AIDS priority has been put into the backseat for some time now because it usually affects the lower class. I think the politicians want to deal with issues that cause trouble to the general public such as roads, education, taxes, etc.There are three methods for HIV to infect a person. First, the most common is sexual contact with an infected person. Blood...

Find Another Essay On Three Major Pandemics

Evolving Influenza Essay

1136 words - 5 pages (Hong Kong Flu), H7N7, H1N2 (endemic in pigs, birds, and humans), H7N2, H5N1 (Bird Flu), H9N2, H10N7, and H7N9 (Influenza). The serotypes are named by H (number) and N (number); this is because the virus has two surface antigens one of the 18 types of Hemagglutinin “H” and one of the 11 types of Neuraminidase “N” (Types). There can be any combination of the two antigens, so this is why there are many pandemics associated with Influenza A

The Potential for Avian Influenza to Cause Another Worldwide Pandemic

1690 words - 7 pages complications, doctors find it very difficult to diagnose avian influenza, as symptoms are very similar to those of regular human influenza viruses. Since the antiviral drugs mentioned above Avian Influenza: A Global Pandemic - 5 need to be taken within two days after the appearance of symptoms, a delay in diagnosis or a complete misdiagnosis could result in very serious consequences. (Mayo Clinic, 2005). Despite the three major worldwide pandemics

The Plague

596 words - 2 pages Since the reign of Emperor Justinian in 542 A.D., man has one unwelcome organism along for the ride, Yersinia pestis. This is the bacterium more commonly know as the Black Death, the plague. Plague is divided into three biotypes, each associated with one of three major pandemics occurring in history. Each of these biotypes are then divided into three distinct types, classified by method of infection.The most widely know is bubonic, an infection

The Flu is an Imminent Pandemic

1207 words - 5 pages billions of dollars will be lost. Only by preparing a national and worldwide response to this threat will we be able to combat this imminent pandemic. Deadlier than the Black Death, more lethal than nuclear warfare -- this is the modus operandi of the pathogenic virus alphainfluenzavirus Orthomyxoviridae, more commonly known as the human flu. This is no simple cold virus; the historical records of this disease reveal that the three major flu

The Plague

828 words - 3 pages plague. This form of plague is the most dangerous for a couple of reasons. First, it has an extremely high fatality rate (can be over 50%!). Second, it can spread through the air by droplets coughed up by infected people. Symptoms include serious pneumonia, fever, and chills. The incubation period is one to three days.The plague has been responsible for three major pandemics and multiple epidemics. The first pandemic spread from the Middle East to


979 words - 4 pages more than three to four days between basic infection and death, a time of intense fever and vomiting when which their lymph nodes swelled uncontrollably and eventually burst. The black death was one of the most unforgiving pandemics in human history, resulting in the fatalities of an estimated 75 to 200 million people and climaxing in Europe in 1348-50. People’s lack of knowledge for the way it spread was a major role for the black death to

Swine Flu Research Paper

2268 words - 9 pages number of lives in the past with worldwide pandemics. As a result, countries like the United States started to take measures toward vaccination. The virus has many different ways of being transmitted, signs and symptoms, areas of the world it infects, and treatment plans. The size of the swine flu virus ranges anywhere from ten to three hundred nanometers in diameter. In comparison to real world measurements, one nanometer is one

Avian Influenza: Type A Virus Infection in Humans

3978 words - 16 pages protein can be classified into three distinct types: A, B and C. Influenza viruses have two major antigenic surface glycoproteins embedded into their membrane: the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) which create the antibody response in humans4. Influenza types A, B and C can infect various mammals including humans, pigs, horses and both wild and domestic birds. Influenza type A in humans is the most common flu virus type and the one that

National Influenza Immunization Program - The Swine Flu of 1976

4026 words - 16 pages century, the number of years between major world outbreaks (or pandemics) has decreased in the last century, due to increased and faster intercontinental travel, which accelerates the build-up of immunity to a given influenza strain. (Silverstein: 11) It has been hypothesized that the cycle has now stratified into 11-year periods between major antigenic shift pandemics. Within these periods occur smaller epidemics (centralized outbreaks), linked to an

The Center for Disease Control and Bioterrorism

2238 words - 9 pages The Center of Disease Control and Prevention has an emergency awareness and response page based off of a zombie apocalypse to help inform people on how they should be ready if a major emergency were to occur. The CDC has a range of research and information from heart disease to the worst, infectious, disease-causing agents. The CDC also shares information about how to prepare and what to do if a bioterrorism attack or pandemic were to occur

The Black Death in Europe

1257 words - 6 pages The black plague killed millions of Europeans and put kingdoms in turmoil, however this essay will argue that the plague improved financial conditions for survivors and eventually advanced Europe into a new age of prosperity. The black Plague or Black Death or even the bubonic plague was one of the worst and most devastating pandemics in human history. The black plague was a serious disease which was centered in Europe, it was recorded at

Similar Essays

A Comparison Of Three Pandemics: Their Cause, Impact On Society, And Mortalities

1243 words - 5 pages When one brings up the three diseases: Spanish flu, Black Plaque, and AIDS, what comes to mind? Is it the fact that each of them has killed millions? Or, that they each came at different periods of time on earth? I would like to compare the agents of each particular disease and portions of the world that was affected by these pandemics as well. Additionally, I would like to discuss the symptoms, cures, and potential cures for these diseases

Influenza Essay

1499 words - 6 pages 1919, the worst on record, killed about 500,000 people in the United States and more than 20 million people worldwide. No medical historians know of any clearly identifiable influenza epidemics until large-scale outbreaks occurred in Europe in 1510, 1557, and 1580. The 1580 outbreak also spread into Africa and Asia, making it the first known pandemic. Pandemics have occurred ever since. Major pandemics took place in 1729-1730, 1732-1733, 1781-1782

Smallpox Essay

735 words - 3 pages flu. Just like the bubonic plague, lesions on the skin appear. The smallpox is not as big as the swells that appear on the neck when a person gets the bubonic plague but it is similar. The smallpox also has symptoms that are seen in the spanish flu such as coughing, sneezing and headaches. All three of these epidemics/pandemics have caused billions of deaths across the entire world for thousands of years Smallpox is a deadly disease that

Anti Influenza A Virus Natural Products Essay

2148 words - 9 pages Introduction Influenza A virus has caused pandemics over the last century. Symptoms of the infection includes cough, runny nose, muscle ache, headache and fever [1]. Influenza infection can range from mild cases to life threatening cases and even death. Infection of the disease not only threatens life but also affects economic progress. There is even the likeliness of a direct infection of humans by avian viruses, as evidenced by the emergence