This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Thucydides And The Human Behavior Essay

1660 words - 7 pages

In Thucydides’, “The Peloponnesian War”, there is a specific passage that was rejected in antiquity and is still reject now by most modern scholars, book 3 paragraph 84. It does seem, however, that this paragraph was added in by almost a want to-be Thucydides imitator because it seems to break his character. Nevertheless, I believe that this paragraph should be included with the rest of the book. Although, the text is somewhat difficult to understand how it could fit in with Thucydides, it does follow his train of thought throughout the books. My argument is that I fully agree, that the passage in book 3 paragraph 84, is indeed Thucydides’, although it seems a little out of place, it fits in with the other themes of his work and this paper will explain how.
Thucydides looks at how humans interact with the environment around them. He not only seems to look at individuals but also at the groups and masses. Humans by nature are immoral, corrupt, evil and surprisingly wicked. There are at least three different themes like this throughout Thucydides works that are mentioned in the rejected passage, but they all lead into one another. Hence, the first situation we come across in our rejected passage is about poverty. “…every sort of reprisal taken by their subjects against violent and immoderate rulers who now paid the penalty; men looking for relief from their round of poverty, and driven by their condition to deliver unjust verdicts in hope of acquiring their neighbors’ property…”
Although Thucydides doesn’t state other paragraphs this bluntly, he does give other implications to this passage. For instance, the civil war in Corcyra, before the civil war there were some people who were rich and powerful, while others were poor and powerless. But when the civil war breaks out and the balance of power changes, the poor people have tendency to take the opportunity to seize what belongs to the rich for themselves. This poverty can progressively turn into greed which blossoms into many other human behaviors. For example, if an unjust person was in a position of ruling they might strive for personal gains and wealth that isn’t rightfully theirs, which turns into injustice. This injustice turns into revenge from the side that it was taken from, and if this was during a time of civil war, where there are no laws in place to stop this malicious cycle, it runs rampant through the city streets.
With all of life thrown into chaos at this time of crisis for the city, human nature triumphed over law: it has always been inclined to criminal [sic] breaking of the laws, but now it reveled in shoeing itself the slave of passion, a stronger force than justice, and the enemy of anything higher.
Then next theme we come across in the repudiated passage is justice, or the lack of it, injustice. In times of war order is controlled by chaos and destruction. Order becomes disorder and morals become forgotten among the pandemonium that is war. Thucydides gives us an...

Find Another Essay On Thucydides and the Human Behavior

First Impressions and Human Behavior Essay

1439 words - 6 pages understanding human behavior. According to Maslow, people will behave a particular way based on their life circumstances. For example, an individual who is starving can only concentrate on satisfying that hunger. This individual cannot rise above scavenging for food until he is no longer hungry. When the need is satisfied the individual is then able to concentrate more on other needs; such as safety, love and esteem. Maslow asserts that when needs are

The Notion of War in the Eyes of Thucydides, Homer and Aristophanes

1875 words - 8 pages his policies and taunts the army that consolidation of collective decision should be thoroughly discussed in order to avoid eventual failure (Thucydides, Book 2:34-65). The encouraging and heroic words of Pericles were, however, interpreted by Thucydides as the product of the negative aspect of human nature. Ultimately, his narrative was concerned with man’s desire for power over others and his ruthless pursuit for power. The war had nothing to

How Red Effects Human Emotion and Behavior

1761 words - 7 pages How Red Effects Human Emotion and Behavior There is an influence constantly working on our minds, one that we may not have even noticed. It follows us everywhere, and we can't escape it no matter how hard we try. It doesn't make a sound or move, it just silently hides in plain sight effecting the way we think. Colors are one of the most effective yet least thought about influences on our minds. How come seemingly every super hero has a red suit

Explain the concept of socialization and how useful is it in understanding human behavior?

1360 words - 5 pages Explain the concept of socialization and how useful is it in understanding human behavior?Socialization is the process in which an individual learns the way of life of his/her society, learn the trick of the trade and develops the capacity and the potential to function both as an individual and as a member of the society by internalizing the culture in which the society is based on. Socialization is a life-long process occurring at all stages in

Philosophy: The Meaning of Human Life and Behavior According to Dilthey

2006 words - 8 pages The application of the methodologies and techniques of the natural sciences to human beings is still staunchly resisted by many critics. Discuss why this is so in relation to one or more controversies within the field of psychology. The study of the phenomena related to human behaviour and human interaction is decisively different than the study of physical phenomena by the natural sciences. This essay will argue from a historical and

Mind over logic: understanding culture and human behavior

972 words - 4 pages behavior. Psychology is “The science of the mind or of mental states and processes.” Psychologists study the individual mind, human behavior, identifying characteristics of the mental state and the processes of a person. These branches of science identify norms. Norms account for individual and social behavior and can be defined through association. When a society takes ethical values and turns them into social beliefs, expectations by which

Cortisol and Testosterone: Do They Affect Our Human Behavior

1141 words - 5 pages The human stress response has been characterized, both physiologically and behaviorally, as "fight-or-flight." This fight-or-flight may characterize the primary physiological responses to stress for both males and females. Social psychology is the study of people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are influenced by events around them either physically or mentally. Social psychologists explain human behavior as a result of mental state or

impact of Natural light on human health, mood and behavior

1757 words - 8 pages How does the role of natural light play a huge part on the human health, mood and behavior of humans? Has natural lighting always had a huge impact on these attributes? If that is the case, why is that natural lighting not considered as a principal factor in every design now? Has artificial lighting put natural lighting on the back foot in every design ? These are some of the

Human Behavior and roles people play in a community

1696 words - 7 pages University Center, the dorm I've been living since I came to Chicago. Some people call my dorm the Super Dorm, because of the size of the dorm. The University Center is an 18-story building in which 1,680 students live. Residents of UC are from three different institutions: Columbia College, DePaul University and Roosevelt University. About half of the rooms are apartment style, which have four bedrooms, a kitchen, a living room, and two

The Use of Psychoanalysis to Make Sense of Human Behavior

2711 words - 11 pages The Use of Psychoanalysis to Make Sense of Human Behavior “Psychoanalysis offers a good story to make sense of behaviour, but it is a story the truth of which can never be confirmed.” Discuss. Psychoanalysis is an approach to the understanding of human behaviour by Freud and other famous psychologists. It is a method of treating mental and emotional disorders by discussion and analysis of one’s thoughts and feelings. It relies on

The Understanding of Behavior and the Brain

1190 words - 5 pages The Understanding of Behavior and the Brain The trend of neurobiology and physiology predicting and causing behavioris not a new fact. So many illnesses and diseases are now attributed to biological mechanisms. A recent article in Newsweek comments on how those in the field of psychology and neuroscience are beginning to stress the fact that certain brain mechanisms account for mental illnesses and particular behaviors. Doctors seem to

Similar Essays

The Zodiac Signs And Human Behavior

1091 words - 4 pages The Zodiac Signs and Human Behavior My belief is that the nature of our behavior is based on astronomy; hence the reason that people who share the same zodiac sign have very similar characteristics, and sometimes a combination of people with certain zodiac signs cannot get along or are very compatible. Sometimes I can tell from a person’s sign because of their behavior, and likes and dislikes. Learning more about astrology and the zodiac signs

Sociology And Human Behavior Essay

939 words - 4 pages Sociology has come a long way since it first began, with new discoveries and a better understanding of how society functions as a whole. Scientists are able to see how the behaviours of each individual helps us to further our knowledge about its origins and development. However, there are still a number of aspects of sociology that are up for debate. One of these topics is the primacy of structure and agency in influencing in human behaviour

The Relationship Between The Mind, Music, And Human Behavior

2023 words - 8 pages abstractThe main purpose of the paper is to investigate and present the relationship between the mind, music, and human behavior. For this purpose, research is presented on previous works and studies that link music with the mind. Based on this research, music increases neurotransmitter levels. Soft or mellow music has a tendency to promote tranquillity, while music with tempo sometimes distracts. Human memories can be cued by music, and music

Psychology: The Study Of Human Thought And Behavior

1564 words - 7 pages “The scientific study of human thought and behavior” (Feist, 2013, p. 6) is how psychology has been defined in today’s world. Over the centuries, it has been used to evaluate and also help with the healing process of people with mental issues. It’s also been used as a means of understanding how a person thinks and to prove reasoning behind a decision made. Today, psychologist use it as a “practice or to diagnose and treat problems of thought and