Thurgood Marshall Was Probably The Only Black Leader In American History Who Can Argue That He Defeated Segregation Where It Really Counts, In The Courts.

1216 words - 5 pages

Slavery is a prominent part of United States history. Slavery has existed for thousands of years in many cultures, but in the United States, the institution seemed to have been perfected. It also came at a time of enlightenment, when many began to see slavery not as the necessity that many felt it was, but as an evil exploitation of men. Slavery was the backbone of the primary industry of the South.The United States Constitution is the basis of all laws in the United States. This Constitution is a document written by the "outcasts" of England. The Constitution sets forth the nation's fundamental laws. It establishes the form of the national government and defines the rights and liberties of the American People. It also lists the aims of the government and the methods of achieving them. The United States Constitution was written to organize a strong national government for the American states. The Constitution of the United States provides the basic rights of American citizens, and laws passed by Congress give additional rights. These rights are called civil rights. They include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and freedom of assembly.Thurgood Marshall is probably one of the most important lawyers of the 20th century. He was probably the only black leader in American History who can argue that he defeated segregation where it really counts, in the courts. He spoke on the United States Constitution and how it preached equality for every man, but the African American man/woman had been excluded.Thurgood Marshall argues that the United States Constitution bicentennial celebration should not be celebrated with narrowminded views regarding the inception of the document, but rather should be seen as a living document, one which has been altered over time to reflect the continuous changes that are occurring in our progressing society. "The government they devised was defective from the start, requiring several amendments, a civil war and momentous social transformation to attain the system of constitutional government and its respect for the individuals freedoms and human rights we hold as fundamental today." He believes that the Constitution should be placed into perspective with the current United States historical events. Marshall views the bicentennial celebration as oversimplified and believes it is overlooked by many other events that have been important to our nations overall achievement. As Marshall reminded the nation during its celebration of the Constitution's bicentennial, these guarantees have depended upon momentous social struggles, a civil war, and amendments to the Constitution.Marshall discussed the fundamental flaw of the Constitution: the deliberate exclusion of the abolition of slavery. He believed that the omission was intentional. "The record of the framers' debates on the slave question is especially clear: the Southern states acceded to the demands of the New England states for giving Congress broad power to regulate...

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