This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Thyroid Cancer In Australia Essay

1367 words - 5 pages

Thyroid cancer in Australia is more common in women than men and is usually seen in people younger than 50 years of age, accounting for 2.1% of all cancers in Australia (Thyroid cancer - Cancer Council NSW (2014)). Many types of tumours can develop in the thyroid gland which is situated at the front part of the neck under the thyroid cartilage. Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer with approximately 8 of 10 people with thyroid cancer having papillary thyroid cancer (Ain K, Lee C, Holbrook K (2014)). Papillary thyroid cancer usually begins to grow in follicular cells in one of the two lobes of the thyroid, developing very slowly with little to no obvious symptoms. Although, thyroid cancer develops very slowly it is a very common malignant cancer, having the ability to spread to other endocrine organs and spread up to the neck and head. Early accurate diagnosis and timely treatment are critical for improving long term survival of papillary thyroid cancer. Therefore, in the last 5 years the discovery and identification of potential biomarkers of papillary thyroid cancer through surfaced enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectroscopy (SELDI-TOF-MS) has helped identify a set of biomarkers that could discriminate papillary thyroid cancer from noncancerous controls. These medical improvements has given medical professionals the ability to diagnose at earlier stages, and then, being about to treat patients’ much quicker, increasing the survival rate for people with papillary thyroid cancer.
Many diagnostics tools have been used for thyroid cancer in the past, with fine needle aspiration biopsy considered as the most effective test for distinguishing malignancy from benign thyroid nodules, yet, its sensitivity is approximately 93% and its specificity is only 75%. (Yuxia Fan, Linan Shi (2009)). Recent advances in proteomic studies have introduced a new technique for the screening of cancer biomarkers and has proven to produce timely and precise diagnosis of papillary thyroid cancer compared to any other techniques. This technique is surfaced enhanced laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectroscopy, which generates a protein fingerprint by mass spectroscopy and chromatography. SELDI-TOF-MS is a new powerful tool that has opened up the horizon for many other possible protein biomarkers discoveries, with many discoveries of biomarkers in other types of cancers.
Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry is a new ground breaking approach which combines chromatography and mass spectrometry. SELDI-TOF-MS works by capturing proteins by partition, adsorption, electrostatic interaction or affinity chromatography onto a protein chip surface. After the protein is captured on a protein chip surface, a nitrogen laser ionizes the samples that has been co-crystallized with a matrix on a target surface allowing the TOF-MS to calculate their molecular masses (Haleem J....

Find Another Essay On Thyroid cancer in Australia

Thyroid Disorder Essay

665 words - 3 pages average amount of hormones the body needs. There are two conditions called Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism. If a thyroid becomes bigger than normal size it results into a big lump in front of the throat under the skin which is called a Goiter. It’s not a common disease in the United States but the rates are seeming to increase (Dowshen). There‘s 27 million Americans and 200 million people worldwide that have a thyroid disorder. 80% of graves

Thyroid Gland Diseases Essay

1098 words - 4 pages of "Hashimoto's disease, also known as chronic thyroiditis" (AMWA, 1997). In this disease the, "immune system fails to recognize that the thyroid gland is part of the body's own tissue and attacks it as if it were a foreign body" (AMWA, 1997). Other causes of hypothyroidism as mentioned by the National Institute of Health include:-Surgery. Removal of the thyroid gland because of cancer.-Viruses and bacteria. Infections that depress thyroid

Radioactive Iodine and the Effects on the Human Body

1286 words - 5 pages . Thyroid cancer can either be passed down genetically, or if the thyroid is exposed to prolonged radioactive particles of Iodine. The body's most common way of absorbing Iodine is through digestion, by radioisotopes of Iodine, in this case, specifically I-131, can be found in a gaseous state; therefore, I-131 can also be inhaled and sent through the bloodstream to the thyroid by that route. I-131 can also easily be absorbed by soil, food, and water


912 words - 4 pages broad category of "medical treatments". As noted on a number of our other pages, the treatment of many thyroid conditions warrant surgical removal of a portion or all of the thyroid gland. If the total mass of thyroid producing cells left within the body is not enough to meet the needs of the body, the patient will develop hypothyroidism. Remember, this is often the goal of the surgery as seen in surgery for thyroid cancer. But at other times, the

Radiation and Tyroid Cancer

1187 words - 5 pages . Specifically, in dental x-rays, researchers have been performing studies trying to prove that radiation from x-rays in the dental office can cause cancer . In 2011, Colleagues from the National Cancer Institute conducted a study involving dental x-rays. Sara Schonfield and others did comparisons with the number of x-rays in the dental field for a group of people who have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer (Radiation and Thyroid Cancer.) She studied that

Thyroid Disease

1936 words - 8 pages Approximately 20 million Americans are currently suffering from thyroid disease. This common, yet subtle disease can be have an immense impact on one’s health and lifestyle. I chose to research thyroid disease because I have had blood tests done in speculation of this disease because of the similar symptoms I was experiencing. Although I do not have thyroid disease, I am curious about how it affects the body and why this disease often goes


1869 words - 7 pages Hyperthyroidism is mostly common found in young women, which graves disease is the major cause of hyperthyroidism, and multinodular goiter is more common in older adults especially women.Hyperthyroidism is a result of excessive amount of circulatory thyroid hormone. Primary Hyperthyroidism, occurs when a problem within the thyroid gland cyases excess hormone release. Secondary hyperthyroidism occurs when there is excessive TSH release from the


1154 words - 5 pages and can also contribute to osteoporosis.Surgery is only considered with serious cases of hypothyroidism. Surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland is sometimes necessary in treating thyroid cancer, nodules, goiter, or an overactive thyroid. But removing the entire gland causes permanent hypothyroidism, and thyroid hormone replacement is required. If the gland is partially removed, it may or may not be able to make sufficient thyroid

Living with Thyroid Disease

1385 words - 6 pages . Untreated nodules can develop into thyroid cancer. I came to a point in my life to where I had no choice other than to have the radioactive iodine ablation. Before I could do so I had to have a needle inserted in my throat to perform a biopsy to test for cancer. After the possibility of cancer was cleared, I had the iodine treatment done. I wasn't allowed to be around my baby for four days while I was radioactive. It was hard to have just had a baby

The Chernobyl Accident-An Epidemiological Perspective

1484 words - 6 pages particularly in relation to the risk of thyroid tumours from exposure to high level radiation. The issues to be discussed will be to analyse the risk management and safety in order to prevent another Chernobyl disaster and to reveal why the world really came to know the name “Chernobyl”. Sever exposure to radiation is untreatable and atrocious, which mainly concern about the cancer and the non-cancer effects. BODY Radioactivity refers to the

Iodine Deficiency Diseases

2981 words - 12 pages abnormal cells to grow in the thyroid gland. When abnormal cells grow in the thyroid gland, thyroid cancer can be caused. The thyroid gland produces hormones that control the way your body’s use of energy and that help your bodywork normally. Thyroid cancer is an uncommon type of cancer. People survive, because the cancer is usually discovered early and the treatment s work effectively. After it is treated, thyroid cancer may come back.(Healthwise

Similar Essays

Diseases In Australia: Skin Cancer And Diabetis

1566 words - 7 pages This work will look at two health issues in Australia, which are: skin cancer, diabetes and polio as a global disease. These issues will be related to the health promotion and public health, provided relevant information, responses and history of a given diseases. This work looks at skin cancer as a health promotion initiative. Health promotion is a process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health and quality of

Thyroid Cancer Essay

1145 words - 5 pages Thyroid Cancer is a thyroid neoplasm that develops in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland consists of two large lobes that are connected by the isthmus and is located below the larynx on both sides of the trachea. The gland secretes hormones from the hypothalamus that may be stored in the colloid or released into the blood in capillaries. In the endocrine system, the thyroid gland secretes hormones that act on cells with specific receptors

Diet Related Disease Report Goitre

1213 words - 5 pages of hormones. Goitre then develops as a result of this overstimulation. • Hypothyroidism – an underactive thyroid gland. The pituitary gland continues sending chemical messages to the thyroid instructing it to produce its hormones. In an attempt to comply, the thyroid enlarges. • Thyroid Cancer – may cause the thyroid to enlarge. • Thyroid Nodules – lumps that grow on the thyroid. These may be caused by; cysts (benign fluid-filled tumour

High Levels Essay

1018 words - 5 pages hidden central hypothyroidism in survivors of childhood cancer led to the discovery in which ninety-two percent of patients had central hypothyroidism and twenty-seven percent had mixed hypothyroidism that would not have been diagnosed using baseline thyroid function tests alone. Both TSH surge and response to TRH must be evaluated to identify all of the patients (Rose S. R. et al., 1999). However, TSH alone fails to diagnose secondary and