Tiananmen Square Incident(1989) Compare To 1984.

1588 words - 6 pages

The monstrous event that happened on June 4th, 1989 will be forever remembered as one of the most tragic days in human history. However, many decades ago, this event was foreseen and was foretold in the book, 1984, by George Orwell. Orwell saw the rise of totalitarianism, and he was deeply disturbed by what he saw. He believes totalitarianism will be the method that communist party adopts to fight freedom. The book foreshadows many of the events that will happen in a communist society. In many ways, the incident of Tiananmen Square in 1989 echoes 1984, which is a warning that totalitarian government is a power abuser, propaganda manipulator, and democracy suppressor.Power Abusiveness"The party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested inthe good of others; we are interested solely in power. Not wealth or luxury or long life or happiness; only power, pure power...we know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means; it is an end" (Orwell 275)1984's view about totalitarianism's power capturing is evidenced in Tiananmen Square incident 1989. These points were shared by both the "Inner Party Members" and the leader of communist party in China. Both of them abuse their power to dominate their citizens."Big Brother", a figure of the Inner Party Leader in 1984, is the power. The Party is "seeking absolute power for the sake of power and everything is sacrificed to that end" (Coles 58). Same as the "Big Brother", Chinese leaders abused the power their people give to them. After Deng Xiaoping, a paramount leader of China, reformed Chinese economic policy, however, his policies also stimulated inflation-estimated at 30% annually, causing difficult to live, and resulting vast corruption. Therefore, Chinese students and intellectuals were calling for the further political reforms to facilitate economic reform and make daily life more livable, at the same time, calling greater freedom, more democracy and human right, as well as an end to corruption (Democracy Crushed). Deng Xiaoping is basically opposed to democracy. "Freedom can't be obtained; Democracy can't be proclaimed; the Government can't be run down; Xiaoping can't step down." (Duke 27)Moreover, Deng abused his power not only by removing some inner party members who did not agree with him, but he also used power to suppress the democracy movement. The death of Hu Yaobang triggered the Tiananmen Square demonstration in the spring of 1989, from April to June. What had begun as a relatively minor movement blossomed into something much bigger, a movement for freedom and democracy. The students were calling for democracy, an end to corruption among top officials and an honest and direct dialogue with the leaders, who had the real decision-making power over the outer party. The students first tried to communicate with the government. They then went on hunger strike, fasting. Still the government took no response to the student's suffering but...

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