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Ideas Of Social Transformations Using Arguments From Lani Guinier And Peter Drucker.

1200 words - 5 pages

Nick StrykerOctober 29, 2002Paper #4In the writing "The Age of Social Transformation" Peter Drucker explains his views of how a society changes, believing it is driven more by social factors than by politics. In the writing by Lani Guinier "Second Proms and Second Primaries" she explains how both political institutions and socio-economic factors have significant effects on society. In order to get a full idea of what a social transformation is one must know what it means or how it occurs. A societal transformation occurs when a community seeks to have a change in the way they live. Knowing this one should also fully understand what socio-economic factors are, also the definition of what political factors are. Socio-economic factors are any one specific instance that causes a large amount of change on a social or economic situation. Knowing this a political factor could be defined as many changes; either a change in President, a change of ratio of Republicans and Democrats in the House of Representatives, or merely a law being passed. Socio-economic factors play a greater role in spurring societal change than political factors because society is more concerned with its economic or social value than they are concerned about politics.Socio-economic factors have spurred societal change. As the 20th century has progressed it has witnessed many changes of occupations; from farmers and live-in servants in the early part of the decade, to industrial workers in the middle of the century, and finally to where we are now with "knowledge" workers. People's demand and need for money has brought about these changes in the workforce. During the early years of the century "...farmers composed the largest single group in every country."(Drucker, 223) This basically means that the farming occupation was the largest occupation in every country. Since most people were farmers there was a very high birth rate because many families would stay together and be doing most, if not all, of their work at home. The population density was low leaving individual families to themselves and allowing for many acres of farm land. However as families began to grow so did the population. This caused cities to increase in population causing many industries to be produced. Now there was a demand for unskilled workers to fill the newly constructed industries. These workers would work less hours than a farmer, but still make more money than a farmer would. This is when the age of farming came to and end. However ethere were still farmers who remained that developed a new style of farming. "And these agricultural producers are not 'farmers' in the most senses of the word; they are 'agribusiness,' which is arguably the most capital-intensive, most technology-intensive, and most information-intensive industry around. Traditional farmers are close to extinction..." (Drucker, 223) The farmers were now very concerned with keeping pace with the income of the industrial worker. The need for...

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