Can you imagine if girls weren't’t able to play as many sports as boys? Before 1972, women didn't have as many opportunities as men did. Also, women were left out of many activities and were turned away from doing great things.
Starting in 1971, Senator Birch Bayh of Indiana introduced Title IX. Senator Bayh said,
“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” (Bayh)
It took only few months for Congress to pass Title IX. On June 23,1972, Richard Nixon signed the Title IX law, stating that, Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex. After the law had been passed, women everywhere celebrated because finally they had freedom. The law changed the face of all federal funded activities.
A few years before Title IX was introduced, another law paved the way for gender equity for boys and girls. On October 13, 1962, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Executive Order 11375. The Law prohibits federal contractors from employment practices that discriminate on the basis of sex. This law helped create a following for Title IX.
Title IX grew the first few years after being passed. The law covers treatment of pregnant or parenting students, student housing, athletics, extra curricular activities, employment practices, sexual harassment, admissions, access to higher education, counseling, technology, and employment. The law was applied to all schools that received federal funding. It was based from US constitution, statues, regulations, policy materials, and case law. All of the areas that Title IX covers, need scholarships to continue to bring men and women excellent educations.
For schools to continue receiving federal funding, they must comply with the three-prong test. The three-prong test provides the framework for measuring compliance by school athletics departments. To start with the first requirement of the three-prong test is the percent of female enrollment is equal to the percent of sports scholarships given. An example is if 40% of all enrollments are females, then 40% percent of athletes participating should be females. After that, the second requirement is that financial assistance must be strictly proportional. This applies to private high schools that provide tuition waivers. Lastly, the third requirement states that uniforms, coaching quality, practice and game schedules, competent officials, facility quality, facility access, equipment quality and quantity, similar number of sports offerings, and competitive level must be equal for boys and girls. Although the budget does not need to be identical, it must meet all the needs of the girls’ sports teams.
Title IX applies to all grade levels. In high schools across America, sport attendance has changed since 1971. In 1971, three million, six hundred sixty-six thousand, nine...