This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Title Ix Of The Education Act Of 1974

2255 words - 9 pages

Memorandum on Law and Gender in College Athletics
This article address suggested changes to Title IX of the Education Act of 1974 and to the interpretation of Title IX. The changes discussed are (1) a change to the method of college supported team funding, (2) the abolishment of the designation of “men’s sports” and “women’s sports” by replacing with the term and concept of “participant sports,” and (3) the inclusion of intersexed and transgendered / transsexual participants.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. § 1681 (1988)) provides that: No person ... shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity [other than those specifically described in the Act] receiving Federal financial assistance....
A Suggested Change to the Method of College Supported Team Funding.
One of the major problems with the Title IX implementation by public colleges and universities (and also private colleges and universities that receive any form of public funding, i.e. student financial aid,) is to make mens’s sports and women’s sports appear on equal grounds. The need to provide resources and participation opportunities for students of both genders, based on percentage as defined by gender divided by the total number of students attending the school, has proved to be difficult. With sports such as football engulfing a non-proportional share of the athletic budget, it is hard to have the necessary funds to match the same level of spending for woman’s sports.
This led to initiatives such as the “NCAA Cost Reduction” program. Under this program, schools eliminated team sports from their school’s offering to save money (removing the coaching staff costs, uniforms, travel, etc.), allowing those funds to be reallocated or be absorbed as cost savings. This style of reduction in supported sports led to the challenge by Amy Cohen and other teammates against the Brown University in the early 1990's. Amy Cohen found herself under the budget cutting knife of the university. The university cut the women’s teams in gymnastics and in volleyball. Also cut were the men’s teams in water polo and golf. The case sought to have the two women’s teams reinstated - thus allowing for continued opportunity for women to compete at a percentage rate close to the women school enrollment rate. The case was all about resource allocation. “Yet, the pruning of athletic budgets cannot take place solely in comptrollers' offices, isolated from the legislative and regulatory imperatives that Title IX imposes.” The appeal court found that cost savings alone does not fulfill the requirements and goals of Title IX, that the university must also look at the terms of the OCR Policy Interpretation when deciding if to and what sports to remove school sponsorship. “[T]he school must fully and effectively accommodate the under represented gender's interests...

Find Another Essay On Title IX of the Education Act of 1974

An Overview of Title IX Essay

983 words - 4 pages An Overview of Title IX In 1972 Congress passed the Educational Amendments. One section of this law, Title IX, prohibits discrimination against girls and women in federally funded education, including athletic programs. As a result of Title IX, women and girls have benefited from more participation opportunities and more equitable facilities. Women who were under 10 when Title IX passed have much higher sports participation rates than women

Examination of Title IX flaws Essay

596 words - 2 pages college athletes would fight for their piece of the fiscal pie.It's because of this fight that in 1972 the Federal Government enacted the ominous Title IX. Amongst pages and pages of cyclical jargon Title IX aptly states: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance

Title IX: Equality of Genders in School

1979 words - 8 pages subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” (Bayh) It took only few months for Congress to pass Title IX. On June 23,1972, Richard Nixon signed the Title IX law, stating that, Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex. After the law had been passed, women everywhere celebrated because finally they had freedom. The law changed the face of all federal funded activities

The Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974

1387 words - 6 pages who do not possess the capability to protect themselves, it becomes a dangerous and horrendous tragedy. One of the most horrific laws that people violate is that of child abuse and neglect. In 1974, the United States Congress passed an act that would provide the necessary laws and regulations that would protect those who have become victims of child abuse and neglect. According to this policy was meant to: “provide financial assistance for a

Title V of the Social Security Act

1708 words - 7 pages know about their sex life for the future. Sex education seems, after studies and debates, to be the most effective method in aiding these issues. In the fall of 2016, if democrats are in office then it will result in, passing the bill to amend title V of the Social Security Act to eliminate the abstinence-only education programs. Therefore, the billions of dollars of funding for abstinence- only programs currently could be used to improve sex

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act

1811 words - 7 pages children and future generations will be better off as a result. Its impact extends beyond the workplace and touches the lives of the larger community in positive ways.Coverage under Title VIITitle VII and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) covers all private employers, education institutions, and state and local governments that have 15 or more employees. Private and public employment agencies, labor organizations and joint labor

The History of Titile IX

6261 words - 25 pages Title IX's mandate of equal educational opportunity is realized, since damages may provide the only concrete method of compensating a victim of sex discrimination. In addition to Title IX, three pieces of supporting and related legislation have been enacted. First, the Women's Educational Equity Act of 1974 provides for federal financial and technical support to local efforts to remove barriers for females in all areas of education through, for

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

1165 words - 5 pages "Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the single most important piece of legislation that has helped to shape and define employment law rights in this country (Bennett-Alexander & Hartman, 2001)". Title VII prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, age, gender, disability, religion and national origin. However, it was racial discrimination that was the moving force of the law that created a whirlwind of a variety of

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

888 words - 4 pages discrimination on the basis of an employee or applicant's age, gender, race, national origin, sex, disability, pregnancy, or religion. This federal law is knows as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.The EEOC ProcessIt's important to understand that an aggrieved employee, such as John, cannot take his case straight to court. Due to the massive number of employment disputes, Congress requires that all such charges be filed first with the

Achievments of Louis IX

2369 words - 9 pages The historian Frederick William Maitland was fond of reminding the scholars of his generation to "think the thoughts of medieval men as they thought them" . To assess the achievements of Louis IX we must try to think his thoughts. We cannot make assessments based on what we perceive to be achievements in this age, as this will invariably lead us to false conclusions. From a detached perspective Louis was a golden king. His

The Sentimental Education of Frederic Henry (Hemingway’s Other Possible Title)

1414 words - 6 pages Ernest Hemingway’s protagonist Frederic Henry says A Farewell to Arms with a double meaning. The novel title is word play reflective of first, Frederic’s desertion of the war. His second farewell is to the arms of his beloved, Catherine Barkley after her death in childbirth. Wandering stoically through life, looking for some natural progression, Frederic lets one circumstance lead him to the next. At first, Frederic exhibits the hedonistic

Similar Essays

Equal Education Opportunities Act (Eeoa) Of 1974: History, Content, And Educational Implications

3456 words - 14 pages AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to present the history of the Equal Education Opportunities Act (EEOA) of 1974, its content, and its implications for ELL classrooms and learners.Historically, learning opportunities for language minority students have often been limited due to differences between English Language Learners' (ELL) native languages and cultures and the dominant language and culture of the United States and the public schools

Equality In Education: A Review Of Grove City College V. Bell And Title Ix

1317 words - 6 pages , those who push for equality gain enough momentum to succeed in an ever-changing world. The long fight against gender discrimination in the education system is highlighted by the important case in Grove City College v Bell, the effects of the verdict of that case between 1984 and 1987, the passing of the Civil Rights Restoration Act, and how Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act has evolved in the modern day. Grove City College is an

Title Ix: Protecting Our Right To An Education Free Of Sexual Harrassment And Equal Opportunity In School Activities

1254 words - 6 pages she shepherded Title IX until it passed on June 23, 1972 part of the Higher Education Act. (Crass, Scott) Title IX is a law that requires equality of genders in every educational program funded by the federal government. It is called the “living, breathing law” because it’s been the subject of court cases, amendments, and reviews. (NWLC) Women and girls have benefited from more participation opportunities and more equitable facilities. Women

The Success Of Title Ix Essay

2110 words - 8 pages       Sports is a powerful force in society today.  People of all ages and both sexes watch and participate in different sports in increasing numbers.  Equal opportunity to participate in sports seems like a right that is natural and would be a common sense issue, but unfortunately this has not always been the case.  In 1972 Congress enacted the Education Amendments of 1972, this contains Title IX which was intended to ensure that