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Title: Nathaniel Hawthorne And His"The House Of The Seven Gables"

2242 words - 9 pages

Nathaniel Hawthorneand his"The House of the Seven Gables"Nathaniel Hawthorne's life1804 - 1864Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on the July 4th, 1804 in Salem, a puritan town, where his family had lived for generations. His father died only four years afterwards. From the shock of his death Mrs. Hawthorne (as the name was originally spelled, the "W" was inserted by young Nathaniel) never recovered. To the end of her life she lived in seclusion, rarely leaving her room. It is not surprising that Nathaniel developed to be shy, sensitive and lonely.For four years Nathaniel studied at the Bowdoin College, where his habits of seclusion were mostly broken. Then he returned to Salem and his peculiar habits occurred again, he closed himself in the house for ten years. During the day he read and wrote at home, he was going out in the night. He wrote much and burnt much of what he had written. From 1830 he published short stories in magazines. The first collection of his tales, Twice told Tales, appeared in 1837.But his writings didn't earn him enough and he had to work for living. He worked as a weigher in the Boston customhouse; he also spent a year in the Brook Farm, a transcendentalist experiment.In 1842 he married and moved to Concord, where he met many intellectuals. Here they lived happily for four years, Hawthorne wrote busily, because his work was recognized and appreciated more and more widely as its volume increased. The stories and sketches he wrote during this time were published in 1846, under the title Mosses from an Old Manse.His income was still low, so he started to work as a Surveyor of the Custom House in Salem, and lived there for five years. He wrote an occasional short story. This job gave him the theme for The Scarlet Letter, which occurred in 1850. He was already widely known thanks to his short stories, but this work in the field of romantic fiction was his first great success. Soon after he removed from Salem.In Lenox the Hawthornes lived among the Berkshire Hills, in a beautiful region. Here, in 1851, Hawthorne wrote The House of the Seven Gables. The year after he produced The Blithedale Romance.In 1853 he received from his old friend from college, Franklin Pierce, the President of the United States, an appointment as U.S. consul at Liverpool. He spent the next seven years in the Europe, in England and in Italy, from which he drew the inspiration for his last important work, The Marble Faun.In 1860 he returned to Concord, he was ill and sad because of the outbreak of the Civil War. He died on May 18th, 1864.Nathaniel Hawthorne's life and its influences on the compositionof The House of the Seven GablesThe plot of the romance is closely interwoven with the history of the Hawthorne family.The great-grandfather of Nathaniel Hawthorne, John Hawthorne, was a magistrate at Salem in the latter part of the seventeenth century, and officiated at the famous trials for witchcraft held there. He treated his victims with severity and it is told...

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