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Title Of My Essay:Psychoanalysis Of Heathcliff In Wuthering Heights. My Essay Is About The Analysis Of The Book Wuthering Heights Written By Emily Bronte

6371 words - 26 pages

A Sympathetic Oppressor's Suffering and TorturePsychoanalysis of Heathcliff in Wuthering HeightsChapter Ⅰ IntroductionWuthering Heights is a very controversial novel that has been criticized and analyzed by many critics. The hero Heathcliff is always the main focus. There are many methods to analyze Heathcliff, and psychoanalysis is a new try that could also analyze this character accurately. "Psychoanalysis began as a method for the treatment of neurotic troubles and as a theory destined to explain their nature as well as the efficacy of the therapeutic procedure."(Rudolf vii) This sentence means that psychoanalysis at first mainly deals with unreasonably anxious or sensitive ...view middle of the document...

Just because of this tense circumstance, Heathcliff's tragedy is destined. In the paper, this conventional notion is condemned strongly and Heathcliff proves to be indeed a poor victim of the unfair society.Through the thorough psychoanalysis of Heathcliff and his love and hatred, the paper' aim is to reveal the sufferings and spiritual torture of him, and depict him as a victim and a sacrificial lamb who is worth compassionating.Chapter Ⅱ Literature ReviewIn the introduction chapter, the social background and the definition of psychoanalysis have been stated clearly. In this literature review chapter, the early critics' reviews about the controversial hero Heathcliff will be used to explain why this paper chooses Heathcliff as the analytic figure. Also, the specific psychoanalytic ideas of Freud, which are also the theoretical basis of this paper, will also be explained carefully, so as to help readers have further understand about this paper2.1 early critics' reviewsEmily Bronte's only novel Wuthering Heights is worldwide regarded as a mysterious novel with extreme strong passions. When Wuthering Heights comes out, it is fiercely attacked by many critics. These early critics only concentrate on the "morbid and painful aspects" (Margaret 1088). People have not understood Emily and her novel for nearly a half century, except very few critics. After critics' furious debates for years, now it is generally recognized as a classic with high artistic skills, and has occupied an important position in English literature. Ralph Fox, the revolutionary critic of England, considers Wuthering Heights as one great novel of that time (Liu Bingshan 378).D. Traversi, in one paper, says that, among all the English classic literature works of 19th century, maybe no book but Wuthering Heights has received so many controversial opinions (qtd. in Fang 19). Heathcliff, the hero of this novel, is actually the cause of so many controversies. A lot of contemporary critics consider Heathcliff as a brutal savage with no human nature. The American critic E. P. Whipple uses "a deformed monster" (Elaine Showalter 141) to depict Heathcliff. In fact, many critics have held the same opinions as Whipple. I think the critics are not very fair. Although Heathcliff has done many unimaginable cruel deeds, he is in fact a poor victim who wants to revenge himself on the merciless and unfair world, just as Arnold Kettle has said that Heathcliff is still worth our sympathy (Yang Jingyuan 386,387).For many years, how to evaluate Heathciff remains a quite difficult thing. This is also the reason that this paper chooses Heathcliff as the analyzing object. The paper aims at discovering Heathcliff's affliction, torture and sufferings, and thus revealing Heathcliff's distortion in an unfair world.2.2 Psychoanalysis as the theoretical basisThis paper mainly uses Freud's theories on dream interpretation, the unconscious theory, the life instinct theory and death instinct theory, the...

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