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Title: The Incas: Civilization Of The New World Desc: A Formal Report About Many Aspects Of The Incan Culture. Such As: Diet, Architecture, Government, And Religion.

2617 words - 10 pages

The Inca Empire was a very strong presence in new world, the South Americas. They had amazing architecture, which was so good that it could hold a 40 foot stone wall together with out mortar. Their empire had over six million people in it, who were very law abiding people, and their strong government was also able to govern the people over vast distances, with many natural obstacles. The Inca diet mainly consisted of stew, maize, beans, and vegetables. And out of many other unique qualities, their religion was polytheistic, yet still had a human god.The Inca started out as a really small civilization. Their first ruler was Manco Capac. We don't really know much about him, although he called himself the son of the sun. When he was alive the Inca were still a very small tribe. All the tribes in the area were constantly making alliances to survive, but these only lasted a short time due to uncertainty of who was most powerful. Manco Capac lived around the year 1200. During his reign the Inca tribe did very little expansion. Many years later, when Yupanqui was the Sapa Inca, was when the civilization started to expand. This was in c. 1438. This was where it all started.Out of all of the Inca's accomplishments, their architecture was one of their strongest. They constructed the huge city of Cuzco, their capital. Cuzco has the most surviving architecture of any Inca site. They were so good at building walls that they did not any mortar. Their walls stayed together so well that when an earthquake hit in 1950, 90% of the buildings were not damaged. Most Inca structures were build for form, not function, yet when it came to fountains, the Inca engineers let in a little beauty. Streams of water poured from spouts, some of which were decorated with carved designs, into basins, and through complex channels and through the next spout. It is evident that the Incas loved water. The Inca were smart enough to be able to move stones from locations as far away from the construction site as several kilometers. Most likely the Inca knew the technique of separating stones from the bedrock by shoving wooden wedges into cracks and then expanding them with water, but it is not a known fact. Once the Inca had their stone, they would partly form it, and then transport it to the construction site. They formed their stone using stone tools, because copper or bronze would be too soft to dent most of the rock they used. It is not known exactly how the Inca put together their puzzle-like walls. The Inca could also drill holes in rocks. They probably used grit and some sort of pestle. The Inca ability to manipulate stone has no match in human history.During the main Inca expansion period, the Sapa Incas Yupanqui, and Topa were in control, they could be considered the best rulers of the Inca Civilization. Sapa Inca is the emperor of the civilization, of which every one bows to. Yupanqui was the first Sapa Inca to significantly increase the size of the Inca empire. According to a...

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