Title Vii Paper

1750 words - 7 pages

The History and Evolution of Title VII.Today's employment practices have been defined by the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII has advanced the laws regarding anti-discrimination by banning discrimination in the workplace based on religion, national origin, race, color, or gender. From the beginning, the laws have been intended to "promote fairness, equality, and opportunity within the workplace" (Bennett-Alexander, Hartman, 2003, p. 5).Since the act passed, the workforce has drastically changed. Women and minorities are employed now more than ever. With the enactment of Title VII, the door was opened to prohibiting job discrimination and promoting fairness in employment (Bennett-Alexander, Hartman, 2003, p.21).Title VII has been amended several times since 1964. Congress passed the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) protecting individuals who are between 40 and 65 years of age from discrimination in employment. This was just three years after Congress had voted down an amendment to Title VII to include age discrimination as an unlawful employment practice. In 1972, Title VII was amended to include the Equal Employment Opportunity Act, which promises equal opportunities for all of mankind. The Rehabilitation Act was passed in 1973, which prohibits the Federal Government, as an employer, from discriminating against qualified individuals with disabilities. In 1976, in General Electric Co. v. Gilbert, the Supreme Court ruled that health insurance for employees providing sickness and accident benefits for any disability but those arising as a result of pregnancy did not constitute sex discrimination under Title VII. Congress amended Title VII in 1978 by passing the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and made it clear that discrimination based on pregnancy is unlawful sex discrimination. This legislation reversed the Supreme Court's Gilbert decision in 1976. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1991 which overruled several Supreme Court decisions rendered in the 1980s that had made it more difficult for plaintiffs to prevail in their employment discrimination suits and to recover fees and costs when they won their lawsuits. The amendment stated that parties can request jury trials and those successful plaintiffs can recover compensatory and punitive damages in employment discrimination cases. This amendment has further strengthened the law and has helped make it what it is today (www.eeoc.gov)The Impact of Title VII in the WorkplaceToday's everyday mix of people in the workplace is a direct result of the impact of Title VII. Since the act was created in 1964, employers have an increasingly diverse mix of employees. People of all races regardless of age, sex, or physical characteristics now inhabit Professional jobs that were the domain of white males in the past. At the beginning of Title VII, there was reluctance and years of habit that had to be dealt with and overcome. People tended to make hiring decisions based on...

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