Chapter 1 Notes
History of the American Hotel
American History Timeline:
Settlement begins to 1763
The American Revolution 1763-1783
The new nation 1783-1815
National expansion and reform 1815-1860
Civil War and reconstruction 1861-1877
Rise of industrial America 1876-1900
Progressive Era to New Era 1900-1929
Great Depression/ WW II 1929-1945
Ordinaries - the original form of accommodation found in the 1650's.
Taverns - The preferred name to inns used by the English.
Public House - is an establishment that sold alcoholic beverages and rooms to travelers.
Hotel - is a French word that entered the English language in the 1760's as a term used to describe a superior kind of inn. In France, Hotel was a generic term used to describe a large public building or a nobleman's residence.
Public rooms & bed chambers
Quarters for innkeeper's family
Began a tour of the 13 US states
Stayed in rustic taverns, not private houses
Traveled 2,000 miles
Union Pubic Hotel (Washington, D.C.)
Started on July 4th, 1793 and was completed in 1796
Brainchild Samuel Blodgett, Jr. was the creator of the hotel.
Never opened as a hotel, but served as a post office and public meeting space.
The City Hotel (New York City)