To In Vitro Or End Vitro Essay

2184 words - 9 pages

To In-Vitro or End Vitro
As stated by Dr Grossman of Xavier University “In the United States, infertility is an issue of great concern to many couples of childbearing age. More than 15 percent of all such couples are estimated to be infertile (Grossman, 2003). The medical definition of in vitro fertilization: IVF is a laboratory procedure in which sperm are placed with an unfertilized egg in a Petri dish to achieve fertilization. The embryo is then transferred into the uterus to begin a pregnancy or cryopreserved (frozen) for future use.(retrieved on June 12, 2011, from www.medterms.com) IVF was originally devised to permit women with damaged or absent Fallopian tubes to have a baby. Normally a mature egg is released from the ovary (ovulated), then enters the Fallopian tube, and waits in the neck of the tube for a sperm to fertilize it. With defective Fallopian tubes, this is not possible. In vitro fertilization literally means "fertilization in glass." A child born by in vitro fertilization is inaccurately known a "test tube baby." When needed the egg (known as the zygote) is place into the uterus of patients intending to institute a stage of pregnancy. The first successful birth of a "test tube baby", Louise Brown, occurred in 1978. Robert G. Edwards, the doctor who developed the treatment, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2010. Before that, there was a transient biochemical pregnancy reported by Australian Foxton School researchers in 1953 and an ectopic pregnancy reported by Steptoe and Edwards in 1976. (http://www.telegraphindia.com, 2010) The process of In Vitro Fertilization Pre-Embryo Transfer (IVF-ET) is an infertility corrective procedure which first found major success as in 1978 by Dr. Edwards (an embryologist) and Dr. Steptoe (a gynecologist) in England (Ireland, 2011). Since then the technology has been further refined and developed by physicians and embryologists, with over 20,000 babies born worldwide, this was from its conception to as of 2007.
The inception of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) was conceived in the 1970’s, subject of enormous debate and controversy. This is mostly due to a lack of understanding, and the public’s concerns over the success of the procedure and its purpose. “Infertility is most commonly caused by a disorder in the fallopian tube and oviduct, created by a blockage or damage” noted in an article by the Mayo Clinic. IVF allows for conception regardless of any blockage, this process is commonly known as test tube babies and despite the fact that any women are able to conceive children, why is this seen as a blight of life. There are too many children locked in the foster care system, orphaned due to circumstances not their own, yet we will not take in these children. The cost of IFV can range from 3000 to 12000 dollars per session sometimes needing several sessions to achieve a successful pregnancy. (Ezine Article, 2010)
On one side of the issue is the human desire to have...

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