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To What Extent Can The Problems Of Urbanization Be Met By A Policy Of Sustainable Development

1815 words - 7 pages

Introduction
With the development of urbanization, an increasing number of social problems have emerged. These problems will decelerate the urban development, however, there are many ways in which sustainable development can reduce the impact of these urbanization problems. “Sustainable development seeks to improve the quality of human life without undermining the quality of our natural environment” (Adams, W.M. 1999). Actually, sustainable development can partly solve the urbanization problems, for it can reduce the impact of the problems such as traffic jam, housing shortage and severe pollution, but it is difficult to completely solve these problems in a short time.
Traffic jam
Traffic jam is one of the most serious problems of urbanization, almost all the modern cities are facing different levels of traffic jam problems. In general, people can ease the traffic jam and not compromise the quality of life by a policy of sustainable development in two aspects including formulating a more efficient transport pattern and changing the urban construction.
For formulating a more efficient transport pattern, there are some specific strategies. Firstly, government can encourage people to pay more attention to public transit. The actual data about transit use from most cities indicates that transit use is growing in many cities, in addition, some developed cities have been reducing their car use and pay more attention to the public transport (Newman, 1999). Encouraging urban citizens use more public transit is effective in reducing the quantity of private cars. It is generally known that private cars have brought great pressure on urban traffic. Secondly, government can restrict cars based on the “odd-and-even license plate rule”. It means that vehicles with odd numbered license plates can only drive on odd numbered days, and vehicles with even numbered license plates can only drive on even numbered days (Maheshwari, 2008). In a word, formulating a more efficient transport pattern could ease the traffic jam usefully.
As for changing the road construction, building more underground routes may be a practical strategy, it can successfully reduce the quantity of ground vehicles by taking the advantage of underground space. In addition, according to Arturas Kersys (2011), people can reduce the serious traffic congestions by additional traffic lanes which can increase crossings throughput. Governments can build addition traffic lanes moderately, as a result, traffic jam would instantly be relieved. All in all, if people pay attention to research a more reasonable kind of road construction, the traffic problems can be solved to a large extent.
However, there are also many difficulties. For instance, government need to provide much more public transport facilities in order to encourage people to use public transit, but these transport facilities will cost a large number of money. Besides, additional traffic lanes need...

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