"To Kill A Mockingbird" By Harper Lee Shows, Through The Use Of Irony And Characterization, That Ignorance Is Present In The Town Of Maycomb And How Determination Can Combat Prejudice.

944 words - 4 pages

Literary AnalysisMartin Luther King Jr. once said, "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character." Martin Luther King Jr. was the leader of the civil rights movement that took place in the United States. This quote is one of his most famous ones, it signifies what he was trying to accomplish through all of his speeches and marches. The novel To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, is about Scout and her brother Jem growing up in the racist town of Maycomb, Alabama. The message that Harper Lee is trying to get across is that ignorance causes prejudice, but can be defeated through the determination of others when they stand up for what is right. Through the use of irony and characterization Lee shows the ignorance that is present in the town of Maycomb and how determination can combat prejudice.With the use of irony Harper Lee shows that the people of Maycomb are ignorant. Maycomb is split into three different types of communities. There is the poor black community. There are the white farmers who are as poor as the black community. There is also the middle-class white community. In the town there is a building and the "Negroes worshipped in it on Sundays and white men gambled in it on weekdays."(Lee 118). This is very ironic. The blacks use the building as their church and the whites use it as their casino. For some, people believe that it is gods command for people not to gamble. The whites don't care if this may be what the blacks of Maycomb believe. The whites are being ignorant of what the blacks believe and hold sacred. Not all the whites in Maycomb are like this. Atticus, Scout's father, is not a racist and tries to see things from others point of view. He is not a prejudice man and he loves to teach his children how to read and write. When Scout goes to school for the first time she already know how to read and write because of her fathers teachings. Her teacher tells her that, "We don't write in the first grade, we print. You won't learn to write until you're in the third grade."(Lee 18). Scout's teacher seems to punish her for knowing too much. Scout's teacher makes her work at slower pace then she is used to instead of having her work with the third graders who are learning what she needs to be learning. It is ironic that Scout is getting in trouble for learning more from her father then what she learns in school. Scout's teacher is...

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