To Kill A Mockingbird Relate Three Incidents Where Atticus Teaches His Children A Valuable Lesson And Explain The Important Lesson Which Is Learnt. (Focus On Moral Values)

2582 words - 10 pages

In the novel To Kill A Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, we witness Jem and Scout's development into maturity during the duration of the novel. Throughout their childhood, they observe incidents that happen in their town and learn to examine the institutions around them more closely. Their father, Atticus, is a man of morals and ethics. He teaches them moral lessons to make them better people in society. In the novel Jem and Scout are taught that it's a sin to kill a mockingbird, what real courage is, and to consider things from other people's perspectives in order to understand them.One of the greatest lessons Jem and Scout learn from their father is that it's a sin to kill a mockingbird. The mockingbird symbolizes Boo Radley and Tom Robinson, who were both peaceful people who never did any harm. To kill or harm them would be a sin. Atticus tells Jem after getting them air rifles, "I'd rather you shoot at tin cans in the backyard, but I know you'll go after the birds. Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you hit'em, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird." Scout, the younger of the two is puzzled by this and asks Miss Maudie about it. Miss Maudie explains "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a Mockingbird."The mockingbird symbolizes these characters because it does not have its own song. Whereas, the bluejays are loud and obnoxious, the mockingbird only sings other bird's songs. The mockingbird is seen through the other birds. The people of Maycomb only knew Boo Radley and Tom Robinson by what others said about them. These characters due to stereotypes, isolation and intolerance, are characterized by other people's viewpoints.Boo Radley went through life never wanting to hurt a fly. He left gum, pennies and wax dolls for Scout and Jem. He sewed Jem's pants and placed them on the fence so he could get them easily. He also saved Jem's and Scout's life while risking his own. Boo was a fragile and gentle person. Throughout the novel, Scout, Jem, and Dill are curious about the "mysterious phantom", Boo, because he never comes out and never associates with anyone in their neighbourhood. Due to the town folk's fear of the unknown, Boo Radley becomes an innocent victim, caught up in gossip by other people in the county. Because of their adversion to his life, they separated him from any chance of leading a normal life. The children are afraid of him because of all the warnings and stories they have heard. For example, Miss Stephanie tells the children that while boo was sitting in the living room cutting a magazine, he "drove the scissors into his parents leg, pulled them out, wiped them on his pants and resumed his activities." After all the rumours, boo Radley was viewed as evil. Gradually the children assumed more about Boo and acted out Boo Radley scenarios and teased...

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