This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

To What Extent Can Violence Be Seen As A Catalyst To The Advancement Of African American Civil Rights In The Period 1865 1965

2771 words - 12 pages

The typical view of the Civil Rights Movement is of peaceful protests, most notably those led by Martin Luther King Jr and ‘The Congress of racial equality’ (CORE). Although violence and violent acts were widespread, their effect on Civil Rights is questionable; violence could be seen as the precursor to much civil rights advancement, drawing media attention and putting pressure on the government, but evidence also suggests that it hindered the achievement of full rights. Historian Kevin Mumford sees violence as the vehicle with which white supremacists denied black people their rights, believing that it was “through violence and fraud” that they lost the rights given to them after the Civil War . However, in McWhorter’s opinion, the knock on effects of white brutality is what “nationalized the faltering civil rights movement” and ultimately catalysed the achievement of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 . Indeed when analysing the effects of violence, we must consider both reactions of black communities and the impact of media attention. We must keep in mind that it was often the horrors of white brutality that drew media coverage and caused uproar within black communities. These instances helped Civil Rights groups gain support in their battle for equality, often leading to further protest and in some cases to new legislation. This is supported by Malcolm X, who said, “When people are sad, they don’t do anything, they just cry over their condition, but when they get angry they bring about a change .

The American Civil War is testament to how violence can be a key factor in influencing Civil Rights. According to Fitzgerald (2005), after Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, the abolition of Slavery became one of the main issues of the war and with the victory of the northern states in 1865 slavery was finally abolished . Furthermore, the period of ‘Reconstruction’ that followed saw a plethora of amendments passed that guaranteed blacks the right to vote and ensured them “equality before the law” . In addition, for the first time in the history of the United States, black politicians were elected to local and state office; a clear sign of increased equality. Conversely, Ritchie (2002) argues that freedom was not the same as equality; he believes that little was done to help freed slaves reconstruct their daily lives and so the majority remained trapped in poverty, working as sharecroppers for the Bourbon aristocracy of the South. Furthermore, the Compromise of 1877, when federal soldiers left the south, saw all security for blacks lost and ushered in an era of disenfranchisement. Field (2002) supports this; he states that once they had returned to power, the Southern white elite, known as the ‘redeemers’, shared two common goals – to oust the Republicans and to deny blacks their newly won civil rights. During this period violence was not only a hindrance to Civil Rights, but also a weapon used by white supremacists to keep...

Find Another Essay On To What Extent Can Violence be Seen as a Catalyst to the Advancement of African American Civil Rights in the Period 1865- 1965

"To what extent had african americans acheived equal civil rights by 1940?" A reviw of the civil rights and treatment of blacks in pre-civil-war America

973 words - 4 pages To What Extent Had African Americans Achieved Equal Civil Rights by 1940?The civil rights of black Americans have improved greatly since the first pioneersof the civil rights movement began their quest for equality. Though most people associateblack civil rights with the radical movements of the 1950's and 60's, the African Americanfight for equal human rights had actually begun almost two hundred years earlier.In 1776, the white American

To what extent can Hardy's Tess be seen as a femme fatale?

979 words - 4 pages Tess's sexual agency, - to what extent can Tess be seen as a femme fatale figure?Tess had heard those notes in the attic above her head. Dim, flattened, constrained by their confinement, they had never appealed to her as now, when they wandered in the still air with a stark quality like that of nudity. To speak absolutely, both instrument and execution were poor; but the relative is all, and as she listened Tess, like a fascinated bird, could

To what extent did Kennedy and Johnson improve Civil Rights of African Americans?

1333 words - 5 pages little Kennedy actually accomplished as president but how much Johnson and the civil rights movement achieved thanksTo be able to compare and objectively see the extent to which these two presidents improved civil rights for African Americans, we must first ascertain what their goals were and if they accomplished them or not; establish the extent of what they did with president each of the surrounding circumstances.In the early 1960S, the drive

To what extent did southern commitment to states' rights weaken the Confederates in the Civil War?

2718 words - 11 pages To what extent did southern commitment to states' rights weaken the Confederates in the Civil War?The reasons for the secession of southern states that led to the American Civil War were based largely on their belief and ideas of state rights (or "states rights," a variant that came into use after the war). This exalted the powers of the individual states as opposed to those of the Federal government and generally rested on the theory of state

Despite The African Setting, 'The Poisonwood Bible' Can Be Seen As An Attack On American Society. Discuss

3289 words - 14 pages the USA. "The Poisonwood Bible" also explores this, Rachel talks about a cartoon of Khrushchev "holding hands and dancing with a skinny cannibal native with big lips and a bone in his hair, Khrushchev was singing 'Bingo, Bango, Bongo, I don't want to leave the Congo!'" highlighting a cynical vision of American culture.Orleanna can be seen as the typical American mother when she first arrives in the Congo, striving to provide for her family. She is

To what extent did the Federal Government contribute to the Civil Rights Movement

1358 words - 5 pages for progress in terms of civil rights.The Supreme Court Head Judge, known as the chief justice, was Earl Warren, a white man, who was extremely sympathetic towards African American cases, He is significant predominately because he ruled in Brown Vs the Board and other NAACP cases, this led to the de jure change of very important issues. However you can argue that progress from Court decisions would have come eventually, or even sooner, through the

Women Rights in the Middle East Vs. Civil Rights of African American in the 1800's

1928 words - 8 pages When someone says the word “slaves” what do you think about? Blacks, civil rights, the south or even Martin Luther King Jr, and you would be right all those things relate in a major way to slaves in the history of the United States but what about the rest of the world? Slavery is found all around the world but what if I told you that in most parts of the world slavery does not really have to do with the color of your skin and more with the

The Role of African American Women in the Civil Rights Movement

2573 words - 10 pages The African American Civil Rights Movement was a series of protests in the United States South from approximately 1955 through 1968. The overall goal of the Civil Rights Movement was to achieve racial equality before the law. Protest tactics were, overall, acts of civil disobedience. Rarely were they ever intended to be violent. From sit-ins to boycotts to marches, the activists involved in the Civil Rights Movement were vigilant and dedicated

Was Martin Luther King vital to the gaining of civil rights for African Americans?

1993 words - 8 pages MYP Year 11 Assessment 4 - Civil Rights in the USASection 1According to Sources One, Two and Three what impact did the Jim Crow laws have upon the legal and social lives of African Americans living in the Southern States?The Jim Crow Laws enacted in the USA's Southern States between 1877-1965 legalized segregation amongst African Americans and Whites in public areas under a "separate but equal" doctrine. African Americans living in these states

Assess the degree to which African Americans were denied Civil and Human Rights in the southern states of the USA in the decades leading up to the 1950s

1000 words - 4 pages In the decades leading up to the 1950's, African American people were denied basic human rights as they were seen to be "lower" and "inferior" human beings. This racial discrimination can be traced back to the days of slavery in the 1600's right up to today in the 21st Century. It has been only in the last 50-60 years that African Americans have been treated as equals. The prime root of this conduct can be seen from the beginning of

The African-American Civil Rights Movement 1955-1958

4312 words - 17 pages Amendment of 1870, gave African American males the right to vote in elections, where at the time only white males were able to vote in the United States. From the period 1877-1965, the United States went through a Reconstruction Era that tried to establish free labor and civil rights of freedmen in the South. Many whites living in the South did not like these changes and began to form their own movements to retaliate. Members of a group named the

Similar Essays

To What Extent Can Violence Be Seen As A Catalyst To The Advancement Of African American Civil Rights In The Period 1865 1965

1253 words - 6 pages how events such as the freedom rides and the Children’s Crusades precipitated violence and created change also support the idea that Violence was a catalyst. Most of all the admissions of James Farmer and Martin Luther King that the use of non-violent protest was aimed to precipitate violence show that even the leaders of the time understood that violence catalyzed the civil rights struggle. Works Cited 1. Mumford, K. (7/2/2013). A minute

To What Extent Can “All My Sons” Be Seen As A Criticism Of “The American Dream” And The American Way Of Life?

2092 words - 9 pages his marriage plans he decides to take him out for dinner, where there will be ”big time tonight” with “steak” and “champagne” which would have still been not easily affordable luxuries. This can suggest that by the way Joe is splashing his money about that he is not ashamed of his wealth and sees no wrong in what he has done as he has worked hard to earn it for himself ans his family. Joe Keller represents everyman, he is a “man among men” with

To What Extent Can 'the Violets' Be Seen As A Representative Of The Poetic Qualities And Concerns Of Harwood's Work?

1481 words - 6 pages To what extent can 'The Violets' be seen as a representative of the poetic qualities and concerns of Harwood's work? Base your discussion on a detailed analysis of this poem and one of the other set poems.Through the collection of Gwen Harwood's works there are evident traits, qualities, concerns and thematic ideas that are brought up distinctively in all of her works. With the quality of her language and techniques which are wildly eloquent and

To What Extent Can The 1936 Popular Front Government Be Seen As A Missed Opportunity For Social Transformation

2255 words - 9 pages due to immigration and no country in the world had a higher proportion of people over sixty' (Jackson, p.18). Tardieu was obligated to carry out a series of long overdue reforms, incorporating advancements in technology and establishment of a welfare state. Jackson referred to it as a "period of transatlantic ideas of rationalisation an economic modernisation" (Jackson p.18). At the beginning of 1931 France, like the rest of the world, began to