This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

To What Extent Could It Be Argued That An Individual’s Response To Ill Health Is Governed By His/Her Social Identity?

1670 words - 7 pages

Mildred Baxter conducted a survey in 1990 on Health and Lifestyles, and asked 10,000 people how they defined health, her results were defined by Three answers: -

• Positive Definitions- where health is defined as feeling fit and able to undertake any reasonable task.
• Negative Definitions- where health is defined in terms of being free from pain and discomfort.
• Functional Definitions- where people define health in terms of being able to perform a range of tasks.

Whereas Medical Definitions state that: -

• Illness is always based on an identifiable (physical/mental) cause.
• Illnesses and their causes can be identified, classified and measured.
• The cure lies in the physical body of a ...view middle of the document...

From research it can be seen that lower, poorer classes have a higher mortality rate, including infant, than the higher classes, these are mainly seen in Respiratory Disease, Injuries and poisoning and Cerebrovascular Disease, this is because lower classes tend to work mainly in manual work, such as factories with dangerous machinery and working in bad weather conditions.

Tudor-Hart (1971), suggested in the Inverse Care Law, that higher class that needs it least gets more resources and lower classes that needs it most gets the least resources, So social class inequalities are made worse by inequalities in the NHS, this is because poorer areas do not have as many GP practices, they have to depend on public transport, and are more likely to lose pay for taking time off. Whereas it is thought that the middle/higher classes have the resources to find out what healthcare they are entitled to, and are more likely to fight against poor health services, and are able to jump NHS waiting lists by paying privately.

It can be argued that material explanations suggest that those who suffer poor health do not have a healthy balanced diet, inadequate housing conditions, lack of education and joblessness, all stem from poverty, which shows the link between material deprivation and ill-health. Also that poverty and class status in society is not just the reasons for poor health; it also comes down to the individual choices and cultural choices that are made by people in their life. People are not told they have to smoke or drink or take drugs, they do it because they want to, which could be one of the reasons Respiratory Diseases and Heart disease are on the increase. It can also be argued that another reason why these diseases and other health problems, such as obesity, which is high in lower classes, are on the increase is because of the cheap unhealthy food that is being eaten, and lack of exercise, is also an individual choice.

It is thought that Ethnic groups experience poor levels of health as a result of inequalities in the health service. A comprehensive survey (The Health of Britain's Ethnic minorities), was conducted in 1997 by James Nazroo, his findings challenged the view that biology and culture were the main factors that explained the health of ethnic groups in the UK, but instead focused on the importance of socio-economic factors. The findings found that: - people from black and Indian minorities are more likely to suffer from TB, Diabetes and Heart Disease, people from ethnic minorities are more likely to be hospitalised for mental illnesses, and most ethnic minorities show higher rates of still births, prenatal deaths and infant deaths as well as higher mortality rate. It can be seen from research conducted by the Health Authority that up to 50% of ethnic minorities described themselves as having poor health.

It could be argued that the reasons for this is because of poverty and material deprivation, while racism and discrimination also...

Find Another Essay On To what extent could it be argued that an individual’s response to ill health is governed by his/her social identity?

The idea that each person in society must be free and able to express his/her opinions taken from "On Liberty" by John Stuart Mill

1153 words - 5 pages liberties and their rights are being violated by an overzealous government. Mill recognized this problem and published an essay titled "On Liberty", in 1859, which spoke of the idea that each person in society must be free and able to express his/her opinions. Contrary to Mill's beliefs, Edmund Burke, another political philosopher, stated that to have order and less chaos, a monarchial government is necessary. He argued that there would be less

“My way of life has fallen into the sear…and that which should accompany old age, as honour, love, troop of friends, I must not look to have…”It is not fate but Macbeth who is responsible for his...

1030 words - 4 pages if his "way of life is fallen into the sear…and that which should accompany old age, as honour, love, obedience, troop of friends, (he) must not look to have". The fact that he regrets his actions shows that he knew what he was doing all along because if he didn't he would reflect upon his deeds. Therefore, it can be establishes that Macbeth is wholly responsible got letting himself be controlled by his ambition which ultimately leads to

Self Reflection that could be used for helping someone find their identity. - Speech Class - Essay

493 words - 2 pages the one who was different, not them. As I introduced myself to the class, a girl in the back of the room said, “Your English is so good! How did you learn?” I realized then, the students themselves knew that I was an outsider; that I didn’t belong.         I traveled to Pakistan almost every summer after moving to America, and every passing year I became more and more confused with my Pakistani identity. My relatives and friends commented on my

A secondary story to Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, i.e. something that could have happend to Sir Gawain on his way to the Green Knight

651 words - 3 pages As he walks through the darkest forestsearching for a place to rest,Sir Gawain hears a howling resonates trough the woods.A desperate, frightened, helpless voice is waiting to be heardby a brave and fearless knightwho will come to save the captured lady fearing her early death.Sir Gawain seized by his code of honour and searching for his courtly lovedoes not struggle with himself,but his way to reach the lovely voice's origin.What do his eyes

A person's lifestyle affect his/her health - Sunway - Essay

868 words - 4 pages Lifestyle is a way used by people, groups and nations and is formed in specific geographical, economic, political, cultural and religious text. Lifestyle is referred to the characteristics of inhabitants of a region in special time and place. It includes day to day behaviors and functions of individuals in job, activities, fun and diet. In recent decades, life style as an important factor of health is more interested by researchers. According to

How Far Can It Be Argued That Popular Culture Is Ideological: a Discussion in Relation to Feminism

2599 words - 10 pages housewife or mother, for Barbie is not presented as either. Dominant ideology theories almost invariably rely on semiotic analysis of the text and an underlying assumption that the text will be used and read in the same way by all of the audience. David Morley was among the first to attempt to address, what he considered, to be the over-emphasis on semiotic analysis of media texts. In his study of Nationwide and its audience, Morley took into

It can be argued that Australia is not an egalitarian society because of the fact that it does not provide a fair go to everyone. This essay talks about inequality in Australia

578 words - 2 pages It can be argued that Australia is not an egalitarian society because of the fact that it does not provide a fair go to everyone. The famous fair go idea is nothing but your average democracies responsibilities and this does not even apply to all. Examples of inequality and injustice are shown in Australia's past to non Anglo Saxon citizens, towards asylum seekers and homosexuals.The White Australian policy is a reflection of how the Australian

Social Media Identity Has the Potential to Affect an Individual’s Current and Future Employment.

973 words - 4 pages . So it is natural to assume and expect that an organisation will need to evolve with the trends and technology and be resourceful to the availability of this information. So as users of the internet, social media and blogging, everyone must be aware of the ramifications that can occur when they choose to express our individuality and more so our identity. In saying that, it does not excuse illegal or unjust actions to be conducted by any

To what extent can it be claimed that England underwent an industrial revolution in the years 1750 - 1850?

2213 words - 9 pages TO WHAT EXTENT CAN IT BE CLAIMED THAT ENGLAND UNDERWENT AN INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN THE YEARS 1750 - 1850The Industrial Revolution was neither sudden nor swift. It was a long, slow process in which production from hand tools to machines and in which new sources of power such as steam and electricity replaced human and animal power. The Industrial Revolution did not only convert the patterns of work in nations, but completely transformed the way

To what extent could the cold war be prevented?

877 words - 4 pages government gave $13bn to post-war Europe, was called by Molotov 'dollar imperialism'.All the events above can be interpreted as causes resulting from psychological dissimilarities between the superpowers. The US simply refused to trust the USSR due to the history they had behind.The psychology of the leaders that guided the countries preceding the cold war have also proved to be have had an enormous impact upon relationships. US president FDR had died in

Should an Educator be Knowledgeable of Adolescent Psychology and Apply it to her or his Classroom?

2363 words - 10 pages understand that this is a time in which an adolescent is trying to assert her or his own individuality and experimenting with following their parents’ rules and values. Ogwo (2013) writes that, “they rebel against their parents' rules and values as part of their identity development process,” (p.225). He also adds, “In most families, conflict is more likely about to be about clothing, music and leisure time than serious matters such as religion and core

Similar Essays

What Extent Can It Be Argued That Anti Semitism Was Deep Rooted And Widespread In Germany? Sixth Form, History Essay

4028 words - 17 pages Grace Navin In the context of the period 1825-1945 to what extent can it be argued that anti-Semitism was deep-rooted and widespread in Germany? Between 1825 and 1945, the German people faced many changes which challenged their view on the outer world and how they perceived the people within their own country. The Jewish have been persecuted and discriminated against all throughout history spurred on by the belief that the Jewish people were the

Isaac Campion By Janni Howker In What Ways Could It Be Said That 12 Year Old Isaac Is More Grown Up Than His Father?

1021 words - 4 pages realised that hating your own father is a bad thing and would never want to have his children hate him.Isaac didn't like to hate anyone. His father would be glad of an "excuse for a scrap with the Laceys!" but Isaac didn't want to battle with the Lacey's. He thought it was "daft" and didn't mind being friends with them. He went to speak to Dick Lacey on the bridge and did not want to be unkind to him. Sam enjoyed finding reasons to dispute the Laceys

It Has Been Argued By Critics That Up Until The End Of The Play, Othello Fails To Realise His Own Guilt. Do You Agree?

595 words - 2 pages ; yet, in his final soliloquy he completely fails to see it. He blames his jealousy and ultimately the murder on Iago, when he states he was "being wrought"-5/2/347. What he is basically saying there is that Iago killed Desdemona, which is not the case. He smothered her with his evil hands. Iago didn't put a gun to his head and command him to kill her. He then says "Like the base Indian, threw a pearl away"-5/2/349. I fell this gives a big

Theory Of Knowledge: 'a Historian Must Combine The Rigour Of The Scientist With The Imagination Of An Artist.' To What Extent, Then, Can The Historian Be Confident About His Her Conclusions?

1231 words - 5 pages this 'fact'.Hence the imagination of an artist is needed for a historian to succeed in his more or less scientific method of using reason and logical experimentation. Leo Tolstoy said that 'art is not a handicraft; it is the transmission of feeling the artist has experienced'6. Therefore, when applied to creating history it can be interpreted that the historian is to express himself by writing the particular episode of history. This again