To What Extent Did Alexander Ii Succeed In His Attempts To Modernize Russia?

920 words - 4 pages

Paschalis KitsikopoulosTo what extent did Alexander II succeed in his attempts to modernize Russia?In 1855, European countries had to deal with many difficulties. By that time, a major imbalance was existing in and between all countries. A detonation of economy and technology was disturbing even the biggest nations of Europe. All countries were intimidated by the greatest power of the time, Japan and India. Russia was an enormous country, however, it wasn't very advanced as far as the technology, the economy and the organization of the country were concerned. Thus, in an attempt for a more modern functioning of the nation, Alexander II was authorized to make the appropriate changes.According to Alexander II, the first change that should be made in the country was to overcome all the harms that occurred after the Crimean war. This war caused a big harm to the country of Alexander II, since Russia was beat by Turkey, and missed the only chance to move to the Mediterranean Sea. Therefore, Alexander concentrated on these factors that would cause disorganization, and thus he was given the chance to start modernizing the country.To begin with, in 1861, Alexander gave to Russia the great advance of freedom to the serfs. This liberation benefited in more than one ways the Russian nation. Firstly, from then on, people were allowed to start a family without a permission needed from the government. Furthermore, citizens were allowed to emprise their properties and started businesses, and consequently to own land. These actions were expected to solve the issues that existed, but instead they resulted to a failure since they did not reach their primary objectives. The serfs weren't satisfied because even though they were now free, they still weren't able to own land, which disappointed them. Even the serfs from the private estates, that they were given land, were unsatisfied as well because of the unsatisfactory land that charged high taxes, impossible to pay. Alexander's emphasis however, was given to strength up the military of Russia, which had weakened very much during the Crimean war. From then on, men were allowed to enter the military forces and get trained which would help them react faster and better in case of crisis.Although, the creation of Zemstvos was another reform that Alexander II established. This reform was in places, which had an incredible amount of wealth and had the ability to undertake this assignments. Zemstvos were local councils, which had the right to provide services like building roads, schools and Hospital.Alexander II also introduced reforms in the educational and cultural regions. Firstly, he usurped the censorship that existed before his reign in press and will and, thus, embraced a more liberal political system....

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