To What Extent Did The Federal Government Contribute To The Civil Rights Movement.

1358 words - 5 pages

Sophie-mae BolgerMr Foley4/11/14How much of a driving force was the Federal Government behind progress towards racial equality in the years 1945 - 1968?The federal government was a strong driving force behind progress, but certain administrations made more progress towards racial equality, I believe the Johnson administration was one of the strongest forces because he dealt with issues on a national scale and the addition of "vote winning" and anti Dixiecrat politics raised media attention toward racial issues. This was important for the progress toward racial equality. In this essay I will discuss and eventuate how successful different parts of the federal government were and what each president or body did to ensure change in AmericaThe strongest force, in my opinion, was the Johnson administration (1953-1961); Johnson was the most radical of the Presidents and during this period used his strong southern connections in order to persuade the Dixiecrats to side with him on the four acts that he passed.During his time as president, Johnson explicitly outlawed the segregation of any public facility or public place, gave the Commission on Civil Rights the power to enforce segregation and made the FEPC permanent in 1964; he also outlawed any "tests" that prevented African Americans votingand gave the federal government to regulate all registrations kept by different states, thus ending local governments denying all citizens the right to vote, he increased funding given to education and targeted the poorer states and students thereby improving the intake of African American students to college and schools. Lastly he outlawed all discrimination of any form in the sale or rental of housing; this addressed the serious ghetto problem in America, all these measures where collectively known as the "great society".Johnson was the strongest driving force because he played a great role in the de facto segregation and gave African Americans the chance to vote without fear; he also saw more African Americans enter politics. Thus solving problems that had taken years to solve and never really been solved by stand alone civil rights groups or movements.While he was very impressive and the most effective of all the president's the Vietnam war dominated all of Johnsons attention and claimed a growing proportion of government resources. Additionally as soon as the media began criticizing the presidents standings in Vietnam he left civil rights behind in order to focus on these issues. So while Johnson was the strongest most effective president in terms of civil rights many African Americans were dissatisfied with Johnson's achievements, leading to the riots at Watts in 1965 and during the summer of 1966, which displayed their desire for faster progress.The second main driving force was the Kennedy Administration (1961-1963). Initially Kennedy did little to advance racial equality because he needed the support of southern Dixiecrats in congress; however, he did make a...

Find Another Essay On To what extent did the Federal Government contribute to the Civil Rights Movement.

"Black Rage" What effects did the rhetoric of the Civil Rights Movement have on the Movement.

2646 words - 11 pages The word Rage can be simply defined as: violent, explosive anger. As we study the Civil Rights Movement, rage used by many Negro leaders as a catalyst of rhetorical achievement are valued even today. The writings of Malcolm X, Stokely Carmichael, and Martin Luther King exemplify the ideology behind the meaning of rage by either emphasizing its importance to the movement or its relevance as an end result. During the sixties we see examples of

To what extent did Kennedy and Johnson improve Civil Rights of African Americans?

1333 words - 5 pages little Kennedy actually accomplished as president but how much Johnson and the civil rights movement achieved thanksTo be able to compare and objectively see the extent to which these two presidents improved civil rights for African Americans, we must first ascertain what their goals were and if they accomplished them or not; establish the extent of what they did with president each of the surrounding circumstances.In the early 1960S, the drive

To What Extent Did President Lincoln's Decisions Shape the Civil War?

1866 words - 8 pages Section A: Scope of the Investigation The focus of this investigation will be: What are some of President Lincoln’s major decisions during the Civil War, and to what extent did they shape the war? The study will start chronologically at the beginning of Abraham Lincoln’s first term as President of the United States, and focus on who Lincoln picked as part his cabinet. The examination will then look at the start of the Civil War to its finish

The Civil Rights Movement

1810 words - 7 pages The latter part of the Civil Rights Movement was characterized by action and change as it was no longer centralized in the South or only fought for by black individuals. Rather, northerners were active in achieving black equality and the white community was campaigning for integration. Although many lost their lives in this struggle, their valiancy did not go unrewarded and soon enough African Americans were able to vote, work, study

The Civil Rights Movement

977 words - 4 pages The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution form what is known as the Bill of Rights. In essence it is a summary of the basic rights held by all U.S. citizens. However, Negro citizens during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950-70’s felt this document and its mandate that guaranteed the civil rights and civil liberties of all people; were interpreted differently for people of color. The freedoms outlined in the Constitution were

The Civil Rights Movement

2482 words - 10 pages in the united States have literally no idea of the violence with which Negroes in the south are treated daily, nay hourly" (Williams, 5). Therefore, they did not understand the need many Blacks had to physically protect themselves, but rather viewed their armed resistance as a form an aggressive militancy. White America was heavily affected by racism and often prevented them from understanding the civil rights movement?s message. Poor

The Civil Rights Movement

2088 words - 8 pages Freedoms is the defining difference between America and the enemies we faced” (Foner 797). Roosevelt designed The Four Freedoms to generate political support and draw Americans closer together. The problem was Roosevelt established the Four Freedoms at a time when America was segregating Japanese American into Internment camps. At this critical point in history, the Civil Rights Movement was born, challenging America to practice what they

The Civil Rights Movement

1705 words - 7 pages . The Civil Rights movement was a movement of African Americans who felt that they were not being treated equally. There were also many other famous leaders and inspirations during the Civil Rights Movement. This movement was very important to the freedom of African Americans. An influential leader of the Civil Rights Movement was Rosa Parks. Rosa parks was born on February 14, 1913. She was born as Rosa Louise McCauley to James McCauley, a

The Civil Rights Movement

1706 words - 7 pages they would name this park ‘White Park’” the young boy thought to himself. When he asked his parents as to why it was not named green, brown, blue, or yellow park, but instead “White Park” they did not want to explain to their young child the ongoing issue of segregation that was going on in their present day world (Watson). The Civil Rights Movement was a movement to fight for the end of segregation between blacks and whites and additionally

The Civil Rights Movement

1642 words - 7 pages society, such as: Head Start (provided preschool education for children of poor families), Upward Bound (Helped poor students attend college, Job Corps (offered federal training to young people who wanted to work), etc., but most of all he vowed to turn the civil rights bill Kennedy proposed into law (Appleby 828). Johnson decided that he wanted to pass it as a law no matter what it takes, as he quoted, “We are going to pass a civil rights bill

The Civil Rights Movement - 4513 words

4513 words - 18 pages D. Roosevelt the federal government created federal programs, such as Social Security, to assure the welfare of individual citizens. Roosevelt himself was not an outspoken supporter of black rights, but his wife Eleanor became an open advocate for fairness to blacks, as did other leaders in the administration. The Roosevelt Administration opened federal jobs to blacks and turned the federal judiciary away from its preoccupation with protecting

Similar Essays

To What Extent Did Southern Commitment To States' Rights Weaken The Confederates In The Civil War?

2718 words - 11 pages To what extent did southern commitment to states' rights weaken the Confederates in the Civil War?The reasons for the secession of southern states that led to the American Civil War were based largely on their belief and ideas of state rights (or "states rights," a variant that came into use after the war). This exalted the powers of the individual states as opposed to those of the Federal government and generally rested on the theory of state

To What Extent Did Economic Problems Contribute To The Collapse Of The Weimar Republic?

1859 words - 7 pages government and served as a rallying cry for those who believed Germany was ultimately destined for greatness. The effect of the treaty weakened the republic both financially and in the view of the public eye, as they became the victims of the aftermath of the war. The terms of the treaty allowed the Allied Reparations commission to present the government with a bill for reparations of 6.6 Billion pounds in 1921. Due to the extent the war had

What Happened To Blacks During The Civil Rights Movement?

1417 words - 6 pages their jobs (which was almost certain to happen if a black person worked for a white person) or were simply convinced that nothing he did would make a difference. With such strong obstacles, it is not surprising that the greatest participants in the Civil Rights movement were young people (who were optimistic enough to fight and not ground down by years of segregation) and the black church.In 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. led a massive civil rights

To What Extent Should The Government Protect Minority Rights?

1016 words - 4 pages To what extent should governments protect minority rights?Nearly every nation in the world has some form of minority groups from within it. These minority groups aren't limited to ethnicity, race or religion but can also include language, nationalities, sexual orientation, gender, economic and political groups . However the most domineering groups that seem to be asking for substantial sacrifices made on behalf of the majority of Canadian