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To What Extent Did The Second World War Change Canada’s Attitude Towards Significant Human Rights Policies?

1403 words - 6 pages

World War II broke out in 1939 for Canada and waged on for six devastating years. The world had experienced horrific events such as the Holocaust and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; it was in need of change. World War II had brought significant change in Canada’s attitudes towards certain human rights policies. The Second World War had been a turning point for woman and Canada’s immigration policy, yet it had none to little impact on racism. The war had also affected some human rights policies insignificantly. For example poverty, health, and attitudes toward First Nations were not significant in the way that there was not much change or they did not play a major role in the war.
Before the outbreak of World War I women could rarely get jobs, the role of a woman was to stay home and take care of her husband and children. It was when World War I broke out, that working women became a normal sight . Unfortunately, when World War I was over, women were expected to return and resume their role of taking care of their family. Then the Great Depression broke out, and women were still expected to stay at home, even though it would have been advantageous for them to be working with their husbands. When World War II broke out women were once again called upon to work in factories, and just like the end of World War I, returning veterans wanted their jobs back . It was still not accepted by the majority of Canadian men for women to work. Job aspects were looking down for women, by 1946 the rate of women's participation in the labour force had dropped to Depression levels , but since women’s contribution in World War II had been so impactful, a feminist movement started to occur; married women began entering the labour force in such numbers, that by the 1960s, they made up one-third of the labour force and represented 55% of the labour-force growth . Even though women were getting jobs now, it was only because employers could pay them less than their male counterpart. In 1961, earnings of women employed full-time, year-round, were 59% of the earnings of men in the same categories . This was partly due to discrimination and limitations in federal legislation governing equal pay . Also women were being locked into “female” occupations, mainly clerical . Canadian society’s attitude towards women had changed in the way that women were now able to get jobs, and this was a great leap in the feminist movement. Women were no longer the average housewife.
Society’s views had changed on the role of women; however society’s views on racism stayed very much the same. Racism was very prominent before and during World War II. The racial groups that were targeted before and during World War II included: the Jewish, Japanese-Canadians, First Nations, and African-Canadians. There were also groups such as the Ku Klux Klan and the Nazi Party of Germany that would commit extreme acts of racism. The Nazi Party of Germany under Hitler’s rule,...

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