To What Extent Do You Agree That The Widespread Recognition Of The Importance Of Learning English Is A Result Of Linguistic Imperialism?

1883 words - 8 pages

To what extent do you agree that the widespread recognition of the importance of learning English is a result of linguistic imperialism? Justify.Introduction:English imperialism shows the dominance of English. The formation of this dominance is based on the inequalities to other language. The features of English imperialism are domination and inequalities. There are so many languages are facing the danger of extinction while English is spreading all over the world. Around 3 billion people use English as their first language, and the number of the people who use English as their second or foreign language is increasing rapidly at present. The different type of languages in the world is decreasing follow by the increasing of English. The globalisation of English shows the strong culture leads the weakness culture, and that is the reason for the formation of cultural imperialism. In addition, globalisation rise the inequalities between English and other languages. Hence, this phenomenon of linguistic imperialism is existing but it is not such imperialism than before.Background:In the first stage, the English colonial British imperialism brought English to every continent and some islands. In the second stage, after World War Two, the United States as the representative of English-speaking countries were improving the economic strength, to further consolidate the English dominance in the world. These two stages let English divided into three circles from McKay's article. Kachru maintains that the various roles English serve in different countries of the world are best conceived of in terms of three concentric circles: first one is the inner circle, where English is used as the primary language of the country such as Australia, Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. The next is outer circle, where English serves as a second language in a multilingual country such as Singapore, India, and the Philippines. Last one is the expanding circle, where English is widely studied as a foreign language such as in China, Japan and Korea. (McKay, S. 2002)Body:In the first place, the former colony countries have anaclisis on English. After World War Two with their national independence movement, many colonial countries have declared independence, becoming a sovereign state, but they failed to get rid of dependence on the original sovereign state, especially they will depend on the language. That is why some outer-circle countries still use English and using English as their official language. For example, they will use English in national government department, court of justice, mass media and educational institutions. English still plays an important role in the outer-circle countries, because they need to speak English in the period of colonization. This phenomenon of language anaclisis is seen as the legacy of colonialism.Next, the language imperialism destructs the non-English national culture. (Phillipson, R. 1992, page17-33) According to...

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