To What Extent Was The Pilgrimage Of Grace A Protest Against The Religious Policies Of Henry Viii's Government?

2057 words - 8 pages

There has been great scholarly interest in the Pilgrimage of Grace for decades, with there being two main disputes; each argument provoking a great debate. The first argument being about the motive for the uprising and the second; how it was started. Religion must have been of a great influence, and therefore the reason behind the rebellion as it has become known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. This is because its leaders visualized their revolt as both a religious as well as political rebellion. As a result they used traditional religious symbols such as the Five Wounds of Christ as their emblem as they marched to London (Guy, 1990, pg 143). Religion was mentioned as a cause for concern eight times in the Pontefract articles, for that reason it must have been a topic of a great dissatisfaction.The pilgrimage of grace was lead by disaffected members of the northern aristocracy who marched against the towns and royal strongholds, they clearly identified the religious reforms as central to their protest, in the eyes of Seymour Baker House (ed. Mac Culloch, 1995, pg 186). They were unhappy about the execution of priests and members of the clergy who spoke up about the religious changes that Henry was making (ed. Mac Culloch, 1995, pg 185-6).Knowles (The Religious Orders in England, volume 3, Cambridge, 1959, as quoted by Bush, 1998, pg 16 - The Historian, Winter, 1998) recognised that the pilgrims' foremost aim for rebellion was to defend Catholicism (the old religion). Knowles also suggests that it was the closing of the smaller monasteries that was a cause of great anger to the rebels, especially leading to great dissatisfaction among the people of Yorkshire (West Yorkshire Archaeology Service, http://www.arch.wyjs.org.uk/AdvSrv/Tudorweb/TPilgrimage.html), and seen by many as "being central to the rebellion" (Dickens as quoted by Bush, 1998, pg 16). The rebels swore an oath when the joined the pilgrimage which was certainly of a religious nature, for it states that it is "for the church(es) sake" (Guy, 1990, pg 149).that they were rebelling as they believed the church to be in danger.The dissolution of the monasteries earning less that £200 was of huge financial significance, as well as having religious implications to England. The lands were given to the king and the inmates were asked to move on. When the smaller monasteries were closed it left people without jobs, the goods inside the monasteries that had been used for decoration were plundered by Henry VIII which meant a loss of local wealth. The monasteries were also a source of charity for the poor people of the town. Monasteries also acted as, or ran almshouses; they helped the poor when they were in need by feeding, clothing and giving alms. When the monasteries closed this left the poor without somewhere to go for help, and was therefore a major instigator in the pilgrimage which was made perfectly clear by Robert Aske, the chief captain of the pilgrimage, as a grievance (Bush, 1998, pg...

Find Another Essay On To what extent was the Pilgrimage of Grace a protest against the religious policies of Henry VIII's government?

How successful was Henry VIII's foreign policy, under Thomas Cromwell?

1868 words - 7 pages . Henry also faced opposition in rebellions form Lincolnshire, Yorkshire and the North or Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536. These uprising are testament that Henry's policies displeased some and that going against the Pope and predominantly Europe's faith was not a fail-safe policy. However although this opposition to Henry existed, Popes Clement and Paul did not use this to their own advantage, they were not "acutely interested" (P.S Crowson). At no

How successful was Henry VIII's Foreign policy under Cardinal Wolsey?

1225 words - 5 pages How successful was Henry VIII's Foreign policy under Cardinal Wolsey?Cardinal Wolsey was a trusted servant to King Henry VIII. He was appointed Lord Chancellor on Christmas Eve 1515; this in effect gave him great power over the king's government in areas such as foreign policy, religion, and politics. Foreign policy at this time was built upon the need for dynastic security; this would ensure that Henry cemented himself as ruler of England

Pilgrimage of Grace DBQ

1284 words - 5 pages policies which included new taxes, increased power of the monarchy in Northern England, dissolution of Roman Catholic monasteries, and confiscation of the lands that belong to the Church. Enraged, commoners and nobles alike began marching and protesting in what was known collectively as the Pilgrimage of Grace. These individuals that numbered in the tens of thousands, marched for political and religious reasons, while the opposition also claimed

Economic Factors' Effects on the Pilgrimage of Grace

1921 words - 8 pages , historians have and will continue to argue endlessly about the true causes of the Pilgrimage; on balance, a collection of factors contributed rather than an overriding cause. As a result, it is fair to say that the rising incorporated a mixture of political, religious, social and economic issues. Therefore, economic factors were only partly to blame for the Pilgrimage of Grace. Firstly, politics was partly to blame for the Pilgrimage of

To what extent was the vision of Cambodia underpinned by the ideal of a class based revolution and to what extent was it based on nationalist xenophobia?

2303 words - 9 pages Cambodia on a socialist model. But to what extent was this vision of Cambodia underpinned by the ideal of a class based revolution and to what extent was it based on nationalist xenophobia? The policies of the Communist Party of Kampuchea were built on a feeling of inadequacy based on the grandeur of the Khmer ancestry and the more recent exploitation of the country by their colonial rulers. The country's elite, whether they were rich or educated

To what extent were Napoleon’s domestic policies based upon the principles of the French Revolution?

1581 words - 6 pages embraced. Lastly, fraternity was the care of the Revolution; In order to insure freedom and equality, there should be some fraternity between all the components of the French society. Thus, leading to the question: to what extent did Napoleon’s domestic policies respond to these principles? Some historians see that Napoleon respected and preserved some aspects of the revolution. In fact, when he took power after the Brumaire coup in 1793, he

To what extent is the French National Front party just a 'protest party'?

3345 words - 13 pages levels of unemployment. (Christianne; 2002) More and more the subject of electorate protest is interpreted as being against the political system rather than the specific policies and issues of the governing party. The success of the National Front in 2002 was due to widespread popular disaffection and disenchantment with the established political parties, politicians and the political process. This perspective highlights the National Front as a

To what extent did Alexander III undermine the reforming policies of his father?

1383 words - 6 pages reason to believe that despite some different policies, ultimately both men wanted to reach the same goals. Alexander III unquestionably did undermine the reforming policies of his father, but the underlying reasons for this are not so obvious.“The reign of Alexander II which began with bright promise, and changed to dreary stagnation, ended in tragedy. The Tsar-liberator was a victim of the unsolved conflict between social reform and the dogma

Investigating The Policies a Government Could Use to Improve the Misallocation of Resources

1060 words - 4 pages Investigating The Policies a Government Could Use to Improve the Misallocation of Resources Private actions, which are conceived in order to eliminate the problem caused by external effects are significant, but often fail to attain their ultimate goals. Generally speaking, it is difficult to organize a strong movement against harmful company practices. After all, the external costs, as well as the external benefits, quite

To what extent were soviet policies responsible for the outbreak and development of the cold war between 1945, 1949?

620 words - 2 pages The orthodox school sees the Cold War as the product of the aggressive and expansionist foreign policies of USSR. This view has been presented by historians such as W. H .McNeill, H. Feis, and A. Schlesinger.After WW2 a power vacuum was left in a large part of central and Eastern Europe. Stalin took the advantage of this in order to strengthen the Soviet Union and spread communism. In the Yalta conference (Feb 1945), Stalin demanded parts of

To what extent were Soviet policies responsible for the outbreak and development of the Cold War between 1945-1949?

799 words - 3 pages The Cold War starting from 1945 to its end had lasted for 44 years. 44 years of different degrees and stages of tension between the two Superpowers. Who was to blame for the outbreak and development of the Cold War? Both sides were to blame, and the Soviet policies between 1945 and 1949 were, thus, responsible for it to a certain extent.Economically, the Soviets did not allow its Eastern Bloc to receive the US's Marshall Plan aid, and set up

Similar Essays

To What Extent Were The Policies Of Isabella And Ferdinand Of Spain Motivated By Religious Considerations?

671 words - 3 pages queen; she viewed religion as truly authentic and pure, she felt it her duty as queen to 'fight Satan in all forms and to rid him of her kingdom'. For more than 250 years, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism coexisted in what was known as Convivencia, however, change was due, as calls grew louder for a crusade against the Muslim kingdom of Granada and of the Mudejars in Castile and Aragon. In 1477, Isabella declared 'All the Jews in my realms are mine

What Was The Situation In Terms Of Religious Faith In England 1558 1603 And How Did Central Government Attempt To Change This Situation?

2129 words - 9 pages Elizabeth I succeeded the throne of England in 1558 and became Queen to a nation that had previously undergone 25 years of religious turmoil and change. The national Catholicism of her father, Henry VIII had been replaced by Protestant religious reforms during her brother, Edward VI's reign. These changes were then followed by Mary I's attempts to re-establish Catholicism in England after his death. When Elizabeth ascended the throne it seemed

Religion State Relationships: Luther's Reformation. In Answer To The Question: To What Extent Was Luther's Religious Reformation, In Reality, A Political Reformation?

1743 words - 7 pages , 2005). Luther, as a reformist, was opposed to this dominating power of the church and in his knowledge and education was able to point out the flaws and the subsequent threats to the people (Rempel, 2001). In a case where the church becomes the state as well, it is hard to define what is meant by religious reformation and political reformation. However, since Luther was mostly concerned with power, a political reformation in this case is that of

Lloyd George's Government Was Destroyed More By His Style Than By The Content Of His Policies.

2253 words - 9 pages disagreed, and instead, along with a few agreeing ministers, led Britain to the brink of war against the Turks. Although this did not result in fighting, this, like other incidents, in which Lloyd George acted as a one-man team in his policy making, led to disunity and dissatisfaction amongst the coalition.Policy was an issue which would obviously be difficult in a coalition government; each party wanted their parties policies to stand and take