To What Extent Was The Dawes Plan A Turning Point? The Dawes Plan Essay

1379 words - 6 pages

Andrés Vega Sanabria
The most important reason why Hitler was able to strengthen his control over Germany during the period 1933-34 was the "Night of the Long Knives". How far do you agree with this statement?
The "Night of the Long Knives" was a very significant night for Hitler and for the Nazi party. Hitler, even though he started to gain power and popularity in Germany, he also gained various enemies and opponents. But very few of those opponents had the power to overthrow Hitler and also those enemies either left Germany or were taken to concentration camps run by the SS. Hitler now had the army, the SS and the SA. The problem was that the SA, which was a badly controlled force, had as a leader Ernest Röhm. Hitler was worried about Röhm as he was in control of 4 million men, which meant he was a potential threat for Hitler. Finally Hitler made the decision to choose the army over the SA. Hitler arrested and accused Röhm of treason and murdered him with another 400 other men. So in fact the 'Night of the Long Knives was able to strengthen Hitler's control over Germany, but might not be the most important.
Many historians argue that the "Night of the Long Knives" was the most important reason why Hitler was able to strengthen his control over Germany. But there are various historians that believe the opposite, that that night was not the most important, that the most important night was the one of "The Reichstag Fire". Hitler was already Chancellor of Germany, but now he had to take takeover Germany, gain the people's support and trust. He called an election on March 1933 with the ai of finally getting overall majority in the Reichstag. Hitler didn't change any of his tactics that he had used in past elections; speeches, rallies, processions and street fighting, the difference was that now he had resources of state media and control of the streets. On the night of the 27th of February of 1933 the Reichstag building burnt down, Hitler blamed the communists and claimed that that was the start of a communist uprising against the Nazis. Hindenburg gave Hitler emergency powers to deal with the situation, the Nazis arrested many communists, broke up meetings frightened the voters and turn many Germans against the communists, which meant many of those German people would support the Nazis. By blaming the communists Hitler managed to dismantle many communist parties making it easier for him to control Germany. Various historians agree that "The Reichstag Fire" had a greater impact than the "Night of the Long Knives" in strengthening Hitler's control over Germany as he stopped a supposed attempt to overtake the present government, which were the Nazis. The fire allowed Hitler to win their largest-ever share of the votes and had an overall majority thanks to the support of the smaller Nationalist Party.
Also after the fire Hitler was able to achieve a lot like, passing the Enabling Act, this allowed him to pass laws without consulting the Reichstag,...

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