"To What Extent Was The Irish Civil War A Result Of The Anglo Irish Treaty" History Class Essay

1064 words - 5 pages

To what extent was the Anglo-Irish Treaty responsible for the
Irish Civil War?
The Irish Civil War occurred following the signing of a treaty between Sinn Fein and the
British government. The Anglo-Irish Agreement brought the Irish War of Independence
to an end and establihsed the Irish Free State.. The civil war caused a split in the
nationalist movement between those who supported the Treaty with Britain and those
who were opposed. It created deep divisions that lasted in Irish society for decades. The
two main political parties since the foundation of the state, Fine Gael and Fianna Fail, are
direct decendants from the pro-Treaty and anti-Treaty sides in the civil war. The civil war
began as a result of divisions over the Anglo-Irish Treaty. However, other factors also
played a role in these divisions. This essay will look at the role the Anglo-Irish Treaty
played in bringing about the civil war and what other differences also caused divisions
during this period.
The Anglo-Irish Treaty was agreed between Sinn Fein representatives and the British
government in December 1921. The signing of the Treaty led to an acrimonious debate in
the Dail before being accepted by a slim majority in January 1922. The divisions in the
Dail spilled over into the wider nationalist movement and into the ranks of the IRA. A
number of issues in the Anglo-Irish Treaty caused disagreements the most prominent
being the Oath of Allegiance to the British crown and the partition of Ireland into North
and South.
The Oath of Allegiance was highly objectionable to many republicans and was the most
divisive issue in the Treaty. Those opposed could not understand why they should be
forced to swear allegiance to a British king that they had fought against only weeks
earlier. For those who were seeking an independent republic swearing an oath of
allegiance to a foreign king went against eveything they believed in. The inclusion of the
oath of allegiance was to be a significant contributing factor to the divisions that caused
the civil war.
The second major issue in the Treaty that caused divisions was the partition of the island
into North and South with the north-eastern six counties remaining part of the United
Kingdom. In the eyes of the British government partition had already been established in
the Government of ireland Act 1920 which allowed for the establishemnt of a separate
parliament in Belfast and Dublin. Unionists in the North welcomed this development as
they saw it as protecting the interests of the Unionist majority in the six counties. While
those in Sinn Fein who supported the Treaty saw partition as a temporary measure, those
opposed felt that the Catholic minority in the North were being abandoned and left to
suffer Unionist domination and sectarian attacks.
The nationalist movement included a wide variety of people from many different
backgrounds and many different social classes, all with their own view of what Irish
independence should mean. From the...

Find Another Essay On "To what extent was the Irish Civil War a result of the Anglo Irish Treaty" - History Class - Essay

To what extent was the Civil War an important watershed in US social and economic history?

1749 words - 7 pages wounded. The Union army with more soldier and resources eventuallyovercame the Confederate army. On April 9, 1865, General Lee surrendered his Confederate troops. The war was over. Five days after the surrender treaty was signed, President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by a Southern sympathiser.On Dec 6th 1865 The thirteenth amendment to the constitution of the united states is ratified. (It had been passed by congress on Jan 31st)The civil war was

'The Last September is about the ambivalence of the Anglo-Irish as Ireland was about to become an independent state.' Discuss

3133 words - 13 pages acute in its depiction of ambivalences that history, and the English, generally miss (Glendinning, 1998).Elizabeth Bowen's upbringing within an Anglo-Irish Protestant family, who were descendents of the class that was created by Oliver Cromwell, known as the ascendancy class, gave her an almost unique perspective as a writer to a period so important in Irish history. She became one of the most respected female writers of this century, giving us

To what extent did the rivalry between Mark Antony and Octavian and the civil war that followed, result in the fall of the republic?

3026 words - 13 pages significantly larger impact than previously observed. The culmination of such rivalry resulted in a bloody civil war, with Octavian proceeding to proclaim himself victor and progress the republican government into the Augustan principate. The outcome of such had a considerable effect on the transcendence of the republic into an empire, however it was not the exclusive catalyst. Although it was the rivalry between Mark Antony and Octavian that resulted in

To What Extent Was Lincoln's Leadership Essential to the Northern Victory in the Civil War

1881 words - 8 pages This investigation will evaluate to what extent was Lincoln’s leadership essential to the Northern victory in the Civil War? In order to determine whether or not Lincoln’s presidential leadership truly did influence the outcome of the American Civil War, the investigation focuses on several historical accounts of his life and presidency during the years in which the Civil War took place. His decisions during this time period, as well as any

To what extent was the vision of Cambodia underpinned by the ideal of a class based revolution and to what extent was it based on nationalist xenophobia?

2303 words - 9 pages Cambodia on a socialist model. But to what extent was this vision of Cambodia underpinned by the ideal of a class based revolution and to what extent was it based on nationalist xenophobia? The policies of the Communist Party of Kampuchea were built on a feeling of inadequacy based on the grandeur of the Khmer ancestry and the more recent exploitation of the country by their colonial rulers. The country's elite, whether they were rich or educated

Citizens from France and The Netherlands rejected the Constitutional Treaty in 2005 referenda and Irish citizens rejected the Lisbon treaty in a 2008

1209 words - 5 pages class citizens. The respond of the rejection of the Constitutional treaty by France and the Netherlands, was the Lisbon treaty. On 12th of June 2008, Ireland held a referendum to decide whether to ratify the new treaty. According to The Gallupe Organization(2008, p. 6) which carried a post-referendum survey in the following days, 53.3% of the total voters voted ‘against’, compared to 46.7% ‘for’, with a turnout rate of 53.1%. Again, there were

Why Was the "Irish question" So Troublesome for the British Governments in the Period 1868-1921?

1718 words - 7 pages those was to require a separation of Ireland. In dealing with parts of the Empire the British Parliament's main goal was to keep its borders untouched at all costs, whereas on the other side of the Irish Sea people sought for freedom and self-determination. The struggle between the two opinions is what made the Irish Question so troublesome for the British Governments during the period 1868-1921. When studying the Irish Question, it is crucial to

Discuss the view that the period 1800-1850 was one of both progress and disillusion for Irish Catholics

1609 words - 6 pages decade before because he lacked the sympathy and support of the English government. Although this period of Irish history is a triumphant one for Catholics, it also marks time of frustration and disillusion.In 1800, the Act of Union was passed thus uniting Ireland and Britain and making Ireland subject to the Westminster Parliament. During this time, the most pressing problems in Ireland concerned land and church tithes. Looking back, we can see

The poem Carrickfergus was written by an Irish writer called Louis

658 words - 3 pages that he is emphasizing his knowledge of Irish history. MacNeice also tells us that his father was a rector and he was banned forever from the candles of the Irish poor; again he is showing divisions by saying the Irish are poor. In this same stanza he talks about the Chichesters who are a rich Irish family. The war then starts and Louis uses sensory images; sight and sound. The sight images he uses are the horse with long Dummies hanging

Do you agree with the view that constitutional change in Britain was the most significant factor in the changing nature of the Irish question, 179

1636 words - 7 pages of a constitutional change in Britain, the 1867 franchise reform act, which even though was of a limited significance, increased the Irish electorate by 27% , Gladstone was able to form his ministry. Gladstone had a major impact on the Irish question; Robert Kee believes that he ‘concerned himself with the Irish question to a greater extent than any other English statesman since the making of the union ’. In 1870 Gladstone introduced his first

The Irish History

1624 words - 6 pages impacts on the history of the conflict in Northern Ireland. Which one, however, had the biggest impact on the conflict? The Easter Rising took place in 1916 in Ireland. Padraig Pearse was a key individual in the Easter rising and was a politician. He wanted independence from Britain. Straight after the Easter rising, the Irish were happy with the British and they were supporting them. Later on, however, the opinion

Similar Essays

Was The Irish Civil War A ?Natural? Conclusion To The Events Of Previous Years?

1132 words - 5 pages how it came about by studying the actions of the previous years, the War of Independence and the Anglo-Irish Treaty. Then it is necessary to look at the feelings of the opposing sides of the Civil War. Finally one must look at history itself and compare the Irish War of Independence and the Civil War with similar cases. Once all steps have been taken the ultimate aim of this essay is to prove that the Civil War was a ‘natural’ conclusion to the

The Anglo Irish Agreement Essay

3287 words - 13 pages republic. In Northern Ireland, the alliance and SDLP felt that it had possibilities. Sinn Fein rejected this because it confirmed the partition of Ireland. The Anglo-Irish Treaty of 1922 established the Irish Free State. Unionist objections to a united Ireland had resulted in the establishment of Northern Ireland through the Government of Ireland Act 1920. Relations between Dublin and London soured shortly after the

Irish And Irish American Transatlantic Struggles To The American Civil War

1537 words - 6 pages War was seen as an opportunity to assimilate into Anglo-American culture (O'Grady, 46). However, most Irish immigrants did not join the army, and those who didn't were subjected to newly imposed draft laws. These draft laws guaranteed that for the price of three hundred dollars, a wealthier citizen could send a replacement should he be drafted into service. Because the Irish were still poverty-stricken, they could not afford to send someone else to

History Of Irish Immigration In North America And Their Role In The Civil War

1391 words - 6 pages the sorts of tunes Southern soldiers loved to sing, to realize that a great deal of the South was settled by Irish immigrants. But because the white population of the Confederate states was more native-born than immigrant during the Civil War years, there did not seem as much of a drive in the Southern army to recognize heritage in the names and uniforms of regiments as there was in the Union forces.One main reason for the large scale immigration