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"To What Extent Was The United States Successful In Stopping The Spread Of Communism From 1945 1963?"

747 words - 3 pages

The United States was successful in stopping the spread of communism to a limited extent, as there were several failures from 1945-1963. As people feared the Domino Theory, which quintessentially stated that if one country turned communist, their neighboring countries would as well, the U.S. commandeered the fight to eliminate the threat. In order to accomplish this goal, there were many urgent actions taken that inadvertently was a huge factor in initiating the Cold War. The tension that existed before, during and after WWII intensified immensely. The Truman Doctrine, the George Marshall plan and the backfires of the U.S. all played a key factor in the eventual eradication of communism.

In 1947 the Truman Doctrine was established to prevent Turkey and Greece from falling into communism by granting them 400 million dollars for use in stabilizing their countries. In addition, democratic country that was either under threat or fought against communist aggression was granted economic, political and military aid from the U.S eliminating potential risks as well. Harry S. Truman was largely responsible, as not only did he employ the doctrine he improved upon it as well. After the containment policy was added, Truman further contained the Soviet threat by creating NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization that was essentially a collective defense system. If one member of NATO were to be attacked, there would be a mutual retaliation. This guaranteed self-preservation for all those involved, a critical element for struggling countries and was a response to the Berlin Blockade.

To curb communism even further, the secretary of state George C. Marshall established The Marshall Plan (Economic Cooperation Act) in 1948, which was even more successful. This expanded upon the Truman Doctrine by encompassing the entirety of Europe into the United States’ extensive aid. As a result, “European economies grew at an unprecedented rate.” The Plan generated income for the U.S. due to the fact that Europe had crippled their foreign exchange reserves in the efforts of war. The financial aid they received was then spent on essential goods manufactured by the U.S. before advancing towards restoration. Therefore, by repairing the abhorrent destruction left in the wake of WWII the U.S. ensured capitalism. Interestingly, the Soviet nations were as eligible to receive aid on as any other European country; this notion was rejected by the...

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