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To What Extent Were Stalin’s Methods In Removing Opposition More Effective Than The Tsarist And Other Communist Leaders Between The Years 1855 T

895 words - 4 pages

To define how Stalin’s methods in removing opposition is effective, compared to tsarist and other communist leaders, his methods of suppression alongside the tsars and other communists are assessed to see how successful they were in defeating opposition without evoking further opposition in their regimes. Therefore, Stalin’s reforms of collectivisation, Five-Year-Plans, Gulags, and labour camps etc. have been successful in appeasing opposition with his increased and radicalized input of terror compared to Lenin’s use of terror during the Civil War in 1917-1921, which does not equate to the same economic success that Stalin achieved with his policies. This is similar but different to the ...view middle of the document...

Institutions to supress opposition have originated from tsarism and have evolved to suit communist regimes. This is evident as there was the continuation of institutions like Nicholas 1st’s Third Section evolving into the MVD and KGB in 1954. This is significant as it establishes a fundamental change because institutions before the communists had the same principal of supressing opposition by imprisoning, exiling radicals. However, compared to the communists, especially Stalin, his “adapted” methods of supressing opposition configure the importance of a regime that ‘needed violence for repression and survival’ something that Alexander 2nd and Provisional Governments failed to achieve: survival. An example is in 1878 where the Social-Revolutionaries launched a form of terror, which extended to three years, which followed on another assassination attempt in April 1879 indicating that the institutions during Alexander 2nd’s regime were not effective in removing opposition which leads to his assassination in 1881 by The People’s Will, and the Third Section abolished in 1880. Compared to Stalin, there was a quick response to attack revolutionaries, which incited fear, which is another form of repression in Stalin’s regime. An example is the 681,692 people executed in 1937-8, whether they were radicals or not, in order to achieve firm control. Although, according to Wood Stalin’s ‘socialism in one country’ turned Russia into a purgatory of suffering and grief it proved to be extremely effective, yet erratic, compared to the Provisional Governments lack of any institution to supress opposition. For instance, in 1903, the creation of the SDRP split and evolved Bolsheviks and Mensheviks, Bolsheviks maintained political power, which the Provisional Government...

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