To What Extent Does Social Class Continue To Affect Voting Behaviour In Britain?

3507 words - 14 pages

Class voting is typical of what sociologists refer to as expressive voting. We all tend to identify ourselves as part of a particular group in society, which is made up of family, friends and colleagues. As we grow up within the society we are socialised to behave in particular ways, and the way we vote in elections is one aspect of this. If we see our selves as a member of the working class and believe that the Labour Party best represents the interests of our class, then we are likely to vote Labour in the general election. Since the 1970s, explanations of deviant voting have been more than ever called for. Voters are no longer so tied to the two-party model of part competition. The level of partisanship (voters who are loyal to a particular party) declined dramatically.Before starting to discuss the extent to which social class continues to affect voting behaviour in Britain, I will define the meaning of 'Class'. Defined in "The New British Politics', class is addressed in the following meaning;"Among the many and varied definitions of class the most useful ranks the social land economic status of individuals according to their occupation, most notably into manual (working class) and non-manual (middle class) groups, and then into sub-groups or strata of these categories .To explain if social class continues to affect voting behaviour in Britain, it is necessary to look at voting behaviour prior to the 1970s for effective comparison. Following the end of the WWII, voting behaviour was a predictable affair. The most common feature of voting at this time was Class Voting. This was the name given to the pattern of voting behaviour where the working class people (manual workers, blue collar) of the nation voted for Labour and the middle classes (non-manual, white collar workers) voted for the Conservative party. "Class voting in the UK was rife, with around two thirds of the working classes voting Labour during the 1950s and 60s " and "four fifths of the middle classes voting Conservative" .This voting behaviour helped to create a two party system with Labour and the Conservatives dominating post war era general election winnings. With such a strong two party system, and strong links between the working class to Labour, and the middle class to the Conservatives, class was seen as the biggest deciding factor in how an individual votes.Further more, Class Voting also created a geographical trend in voting behaviour. Due to the large amount of manual industries in the Midlands, North of England, Wales and Scotland such as coal mining, steel works, car factories and shipbuilding, working class people mainly populated these areas; creating large majorities for Labour. In the South of England, however, where there was larger emphasis on the tertiary sector firms such as banking, accounting, solicitors and estate agencies. The Conservative party had far greater success due to the middle class workers in these areas conforming to Class Voting.Class Voting...

Find Another Essay On To what extent does social class continue to affect voting behaviour in Britain?

The Extent to Which Voting by Ethnic Minorities Reflects the Voting Behaviour of the Whole Electorate

1009 words - 4 pages The Extent to Which Voting by Ethnic Minorities Reflects the Voting Behaviour of the Whole Electorate In present day there are currently 12 ethnic minority MP’s in parliament, all of who belong to the Labour party. Ethnic minority groups tend to be part of the immigrant population and so are more likely to belong to the working class and so have a stronger party identification with labour. This can be shown in the 1997

To What Extent Does Difference in Gender, Ethnicity and Class Influence Health Inequalities?

2801 words - 12 pages inequalities affect many aspects of everyday life. Though this division is sometimes just down to pure chance, there are structural factors which mean that those who face ill health often come from particular groups. Gender, ethnicity and class all have an influence on health inequalities. Those from lower social classes are more likely to be unhealthy, work and live in hazardous conditions are have more unhealthy lifestyles including poor diet and

To What Extent Does Modern Media Coverage and Censorship of Conflicts Affect How People Interpret Them?

2496 words - 10 pages answer the research question ‘To what extent does modern media coverage of conflicts affect how people interpret them?’ by first evaluating how the media coverage of a conflict affects the direction of the conflict in the past, looking at the media situation in various countries, and finally come to a general consensus regarding the matter. The media has sunk its claws deep into conflict’s soft underbelly over the past century, and history is

To what extent do personal attributes affect Ways of Knowing and why, if at all, does answering this question matter in the first place?

785 words - 3 pages attributes have on the ways of knowing maybe people will not be as ignorant and actually might start at least trying to understand each other. If at least 1% of this will be achieved then already the world will become a better place to live in and as far as I consider the first people who have to do it are the presidents since I perceive them as the most ignorant people in the world!!!As seen through out the essay our personal attributes affect our ways of Knowing to a very great extent. Language, emotion, reason and perception are our ways to gain knowledge yet various attributes, especially cultural and physical, become barriers in the process of getting knowledge.

To what extent do personal attributes affect Ways of Knowing and why, if at all, does answering this question matter in the first place?

1134 words - 5 pages and essays till the last moment they where due. I always said that they where just 3 easy pages of work but in reality it was a long hard essay that I had to write.Environments that we grow up in also affect the ways of knowing in a large scale. We might grow up in a society where burping was a complement to signify a good meal and our language we speak is completely our own. The perception of the environment is that what we do is considered the

The Nature and Functions of Political Parties and Voting Behaviour in Britain

1352 words - 5 pages , party membership fees, sponsorship and commercial events. Question 3: Why do people vote the way they do? How, and to what extent, do factors such as class, sex, age, race, religion and region influence voting behaviour? Many factors are said to influence voting behaviour, however in many areas the extent to which this is true is unclear. Possibly the most commonly thought factor which influences voting behaviour is class

To what extent do personal attributes affect the ways of knowing and why if at all does answering this questions matter?

1373 words - 5 pages disregard the new science. A person's attributes will affect what he attempts to know, and as a result what he knows, but what about what she knows?The sex of the knower is epistemologically significant. Women are inclined to be more sensitive and emotional nurturing being, while the male tends be the breadwinner. We are brought up in a society with gender roles, but the gender roles were former through natural inhibition and inclinations towards

How Does Class Stratification Affect How Individuls Think?

1542 words - 7 pages Kelly (2014) explained part of social psychology’s focus is “to understand social factors that influence how individuals think, how they act, and how they feel.” How does stratification affect the individuals that live in social class systems, caste systems, or slavery? According to Baumeister and Bushman (2014): Back when social mobility began to increase, so that some aristocrats became poor while merchants became rich, the upper classes

How does behaviour affect an individual’s ability at making investment decisions?

6561 words - 26 pages "How does behaviour affect an individual's ability at making investment decisions?"AbstractThis paper provides a brief introduction into the field of behaviour finance. It then goes on to look at how different behavioural biases can have an effect on an individual decision making process. Past and influential literature in the fields of behavioural finance and psychology have been summarised and synthesised. The different behavioural biases that

To What Extent Does Social Identity Determine Job Choice

1658 words - 7 pages TO WHAT EXTENT DOES SOCIAL IDENTITY DETERMINE JOB CHOICE The literature review focuses on the collection of secondary data on the research topic, which is the extent to which social identity determines job choice. The literature review is conducted under three major themes, which act as the pivotal basis for constructing theoretical meaning to the larger research problem. The Social Identity Theory Studies on social identity have been

To What Extent Do The Media Encourage Leadership Voting?

2143 words - 9 pages Minister was due to a long term transformation of how the media handled political coverage rather than the popularity of the person holding the post of Prime Minister. To further personalise politics and therefore encourage leadership voting the media also chose to disregard stories directly relating to public policy with only 1 in 10 stories during the 1997 general election relating to what the politicians had described as 'the real issues

Similar Essays

To What Extent Does Globalization Have An Affect On Sustainability

875 words - 4 pages information on topics concerning what is happening in a country. Information is easily accessible and can show problems all over the world such as climate change and over use of resources; when people know about issues like these it can lead people to bring about sustainable ways of living. The final example of globalizations affect on a country is measures of prosperity. When a country participates in global trade, they can increase their GDP by

To What Extent Does Religion Affect Viking Society? Essay

1029 words - 5 pages in English is a Viking word. The 'ting' was the Viking word for a legislative assembly and a court. A criminal was brought here to stand trial. The presumed facts of the case were established by a panel (Old Norse "kvidr") of people stating what they Thought was the truth. A jury of 12, two times twelve or three times twelve, depending on the importance of the case, decided the question of guilt. The 'law-sayer' told the jury what the law said

To What Extent Does Environment Play An Important Role In Character’s Behaviour Towards Others?

1082 words - 5 pages To what extent does environment play an important role in character’s behaviour towards others? Books: Great Expectations, Charles Dickens, 1861 Lord of the Flies, William Golding, 1954 Environment is a vital factor in determining the behaviour of characters; the books both agree and contradict with each other though. William Golding is of the view that humans share an innate evil: he strips boys of the order of society; he places them in a

To What Extent Does Religion Affect The Characters In &Quot;Measure For Measure?&Quot;

2468 words - 10 pages interests taking priority over anything else, for example, when he is given the chance to save himself by performing executions, he is unconcerned about the idea of killing people, which does not show him to be someone considerate of other people, which is what the Bible promotes. Angelo is a character who is influenced by religion in some ways, but in other ways he seems completely oblivious to its teachings and beliefs. For example, he takes the