(CDC, 2013) (Federal Trade Commission, 2013)There is no argues about burden of tobacco use. Hazard is feasible not only for the health aspect of the issue but it has important effect on economics, government regulations and society. A lot of integrated efforts were in place to fight negative externalities of tobacco use. Effectiveness of tobacco policy implementation doesn’t rely only on government and it’s regulations. Other institutions, interested agencies have to have an important input towards tobacco policy development and implementation issues.
Tobacco control policy implementation includes several important directions where effective intervention and positive outcome can be determined. Thus, the overall policy implementation process frequently includes interventions in Health and Education sectors. But policy implementation actions are fulfilling through the legislative and regulatory mechanisms. Every field of intervention has different regulatory mechanisms and tools. This part of the paper will argue about appropriateness of the policy issues; provide assessment of interventions; and additionally will suggests analysis about policy improvement based on comparative analyzes of outcomes.
Main interventions in Healthcare Sector towards tobacco control policy can be determined as follows:
• Main Goal – reduction of financial burden on health expenditure caused by tobacco consumption. According to latest report provided by CDC, tobacco use contributes for additional expenditures for medical services estimated as $96 billions annually.
• Tool – public health interventions, healthy life style promotion. According to the CDC report, about “Tobacco use Cessation Program” only 50% to 60% of smokers receive advice about quitting smoking. (CDC, 2013)
• Main actors – primary health care service providers. According to the CDC report, about “Tobacco use Cessation Program” only 39% of smokers receive special treatment or prescription counseling to support smoking quitting. (CDC, 2013)
• Efficiency – according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report conducted in 2008, an estimated lost productivity due to sickness and premature death equals to $96.8 billion per year, thus intervention for reducing tobacco consumption will avoid such kind of loses in economics. (Federal Trade Commission, 2013)
• Risk Factors – an only threat and resistance towards policy implementation process is a negative pressure coming from tobacco producers. Aggressive marketing campaigns and promotion for sales are implementing. According to Federal Trade Commission report conducted in 2013, even when sales for the industry were slightly reduced for 2.9% from 2010 to 2011, promotion and marketing expenditures on the contrary has increase tendency, rising from $ 8.046 billion to $8.366 billion. The most significant promotion is paid for discount and special promo activities, which accounted for $6.997 billion. “Outdoor” advertising campaign increased...