Tok Vocabulary Essay

2133 words - 9 pages

Theory of Knowledge VocabularyTheory of Knowledge- There is not one answer to questions regarding knowledge but countless theories about what knowledge actually is.Areas of Knowledge- Content areas of: Mathematics, Science, Human Science, History, Language, Arts, and Ethics.Ways of Knowing- Reason, Emotion, Language and Perception.Propositional Knowledge- This is knowledge of facts, knowledge that such and such is the caseKnower- Individual with knowledge who has acquired it from different means.Knowledge Claims- Claims made by someone when they say they "know something"Problems of Knowledge- In discrepancies in proof or evidence when making a knowledge claim.Subjective- Belonging to the thinking subject. Knowledge is based on individual experience and thought. (open to interpretation)Objective- Knowledge adheres strictly to the facts (truth) (right or wrong)Skepticism- A doubting or questioning attitude or state of mind; The doctrine that absolute knowledge is impossible, either in a particular domain or in generalRepresentationlist- Argue that "here" is a reality; all we have to do is open our eyes to see it. If something is true it is true because it corresponds with the reality around us.Plato- Student of Socrates. "Unless we can escape our limited perspectives, we never see what is really around us." Reality is a subjective experience because we are limited and confined to our own human way of seeing thingsDescartes- "I think therefore I am". Nothing can be known except one's own existence. There is no way to know if there is a reality. His existence was the one and only fact he could actually be sure of. (Skeptic- Nothing can be known with certainty not even the existence of the world around us). "We can not escape our subjective outlook on life to know anything away from ourselves or the way we know things.Self-Awareness- Knowing what we know. It is a firm form of knowledge and is impossible to convince someone that this type of knowledge is incorrect.Memory- Are a sound reason for knowledge because we can be sure of them most of the time. Does not necessarily mean it is always 100% of the time.Deduction- Making conclusions based on premises that are known to be true. (Mathematics)( Goes form General to Specific…Reason process produces claims which can be proven beyond a doubt, no way to argue them.Induction- Is claiming knowledge about future events based on past experiences (predicting. (Science, sun rising)Intuition- Is a feeling, an inherent understanding. It makes us know about something internal; a way of thinking or perceiving something. (Gut feeling)Revelation- Knowledge has been revealed to someone from some sort of higher power. (Argued that this is not a good reason for claiming knowledge, subjective level).Faith- Guiding force within people. Belief that is not based on proof. Confident belief in the truth, value, or trustworthiness of a person, idea, or thingFoundationlism- States that something is knowledge if and only...

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