Tok Science And History Essay

1022 words - 5 pages

'To what extent does the author substantiate his claim that the study of history can be pursued scientifically?'By Kevin Lim 11AChScience and History. These two subjects are one of the most important research areas in the world of mankind. And as human nature always seem to drive human beings to improve lifestyles and to find out more about planet, these subjects become two inevitable subjects to to further study. There are two types of sciences, one being historical science and the other non-historical science. Historical science makes use of the information from the past to derive the trends and assumption. An example could be evolution. Whereas, a non-historical science requires solid ...view middle of the document...

And because of this, there are no ways to verify the idea in each of the subjects through artificial experimentation. Thus to verify the idea, observation, comparison, prediction and natural experimentation can be used. How observation works is that scientists can take note of the different changes over time to come out of a theory. As for comparison, scientists can compare two specimens together to conclude a theory. Prediction is a bit different in the way that, it only backed up by a very weak ideology. For example, it is difficult to predict what species would be extinct as a result of a meteor strike. Natural experiments is a comparative methodology that is used in both historical and non-historical sciences. These method is carried out by comparing systems in terms of the factors that they possess or lack. After the comparison they are able to find out which factors are responsible for the causation. For example, when a meteor struck in the past, it made dinosaurs go extinct. By comparing this ideology, we are able to find out some other species might go extinct if a meteor were to strike again another time. From this, we can see that history and science can be interlinked thus Diamond states that the study of history can be pursued scientifically.However, it is not always true that history can be pursued scientifically. History in a interpretation of facts from the past but sciences such as physics and chemistry can get their equations and their formulas to represent their principles and ideas. These experimental sciences can be repeated to verify and check that the ideology is correct and true, however for history there is no way to check whether the principle is true besides the facts from the past, which is again not a very accurate measure as the facts can be misinterpreted and biased. There is no possible way to experiment with the past as we live in the present and because the time machine hasn't...

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