Toltec Civilization Essay

3840 words - 15 pages

this paper was to prove toltecs were civilized, but i went off in a couple of places she thought that, since the toltecs practiced human sacrifice, they are uncivilized. important for sensitive teachersToltec CivilizationThe Priest stood atop the temple of the Sun, looking down on his people gatheredfor this event. With one swift movement, he raised the sacrificial obsidian dagger andplunged it into the young man's chest, tearing out his heart. He then placed the heart onthe waiting chac-mool, smiled, and anounced the beginning of celebration.The Toltecs were one of the first 'Nahuatl' speaking cultures to colonize centralMexico. It is unclear whether they came from the North or the South, but, popular theoryis that they came from the North (Southern America). The tribe first settled a smalldistance west of what is now Mexico City. There, they built the largest city ever inMexico, even dwarfing today's Mexico City (von Hagen, Sun, pp. 20, 29)! The Toltecsruled over this town from 200 B.C to 900 A.D (Sabloff, p. 112). Then, something forcedthem to leave; climate change, foreigners, a war, nobody knows.The Toltecs then migrated about 50 miles North. There, they settled and began tobuild the town called Tula (Gruzinski, p. 14). They resided there until 1100 A.D (Sabloff,p. 112). In around 987 A.D or so, the Toltec priest- king Quezalcoatl (who was actually agod. There are also records of a man named Topiltzin who apparently followed the samecourse as Quetzalcoatl. It was unclear who was who, or if they were the same person.)was forced to flee with a few of his followers (Gruzinski, p. 14). He fled to the Yucatanpeninsula, where the Mayas resided. He then proceeded to build a gigantic city calledChichen Itza (von Hagen, Maya, p 39).Here, we switch to Mayan history, which discusses the leadership of a man calledKukulcan, which means 'feathered-serpent,' or Quetzalcoatl (von Hagen, Sun, p. 332).He ruled over this culture for some time, then he decided to leave. Again, there is noevidence saying why he left. On the year 1-Reed( a Toltec measure of time), he set sailWest in the Atlantic ocean, with the prophesy that he would return on the recurrence ofthat date (von Hagen, Sun, p. 28).Meanwhile, back in Tula, things were disintegrating in the Toltec culture. Theirsociety was becoming progressively warlike, as was evidenced in their art. They begancorrupting political power and becoming greedy for money. They raped the villagers withtaxes using the gods as their athority (Townsend, p. 49-50). This brought about a civilwar which thouroughly destroyed the Toltecs (Gruzinski, p.15).Yes, the Toltec people definitely practiced human sacrifice. Immediately, onethinks what the Spaniards thought when they observed the Aztecs performing the sameritual 600 years later: 'Savages!'In this paper, I will try to convince you why you should not consider the Toltecssavages, but consider them the epitome of civilization. If I am to prove this to you, wemust have an...

Find Another Essay On Toltec civilization

The Aztec Empire History Essay

1237 words - 5 pages The center of the Aztec civilization was the Valley of Mexico, a huge, oval basin about 7,500 feet above sea level. The Aztecs were formed after the Toltec civilization occurred when hundreds of civilians came towards Lake Texcoco. In the swamplands there was only one piece of land to farm on and it was totally surrounded by more marshes. The Aztec families somehow converted these disadvantages to a mighty empire known as the Aztec Empire

Mesoamerican Empires Essay

1143 words - 5 pages The three main Indian empires in Mesoamerica were the Olmec, Mayan, and Aztec. These intriguing cultures had three very different religions and origins, but there were some similarities. In all three cases, they built their cities mainly as religious centers, and had some similar forms of worship. All of their societies revolved around their separate religions. The Olmecs are the earliest known Mesoamerican civilization. Around 1200 B.C. the

The Way of Tlachtli

1612 words - 6 pages Since the early 1400s BCE, people of this era have played one of the earliest known forms of a sport that involves two teams and a rubber ball played on a court. Based on archaeological evidence, Tlachtli (which translates in English to “ball game”) is thought to have been played by the civilizations of Mesoamerica including the Aztec, Maya, Olmec, and Toltec. The game was more than a sport to these people. It was a means of settling conflicts

Aztecs

2320 words - 9 pages Aztec The Aztec Indians, who are known for their domination of southern and central Mexico, ruled between the 14th and 16th centuries. Their name is derived from Azatlan, the homeland of the north. The Aztecs also call themselves Mexica and there language came from the Nahuatlan branch of the Uto-Aztecan family.      The Aztecs were formed after the Toltec civilization occurred when hundreds of civilians came

"The Disappearance of the Anasazi" an "A" grade paper which discusses the logical theories of their disappearance and other suggested alternatives

2565 words - 10 pages , snaking canyons cut hundreds of feet into the ancient sandstone. Extraterrestrial landscape of towering cliffs and sculpted stone winds through these deserted plateaus. Here, a thousand years ago, among these looming formations of rock and along the intermittent stream beds, the Anasazi (Navaho for "ancient ones") lived.In the dry heat of the desert canyons, evidence of their civilization is all around. Their stone and mortar buildings, granaries

Personal project

2178 words - 9 pages buildings were built out of heavy granite stones, rocks and bricks which were tightly joined together that not even a knife blade could fit between them. The impressive architecture and civilization of the ancient Incans have made the site a wonder of the world. As Incas had no written language, there is no record of why Machu Picchu was built, what it was used for and why it was abandoned. Machu Picchu was built in the 15th century and

The Mayas Of north America

2570 words - 10 pages The Mayas of MesoamericaThe Maya civilization started in 400 A.D. in the low lands of the jungle that belongs to the actual territories of Guatemala, Belice and southeast Mexico. But this only prolonged the Spaniard conquest at the beginning of XVI century. The difference from Teotihuacán, the Mayas did not create a unified political structure, but they formed quite a few cities with a common culture. The artistic forms, scientific

Aztec Warrior

1940 words - 8 pages advantage (Hassig, 2). These findings can be based on archaeological evidence, sculptures of the Aztec warriors are featured in and on an Aztec pyramid in Tula, Hidalgo, formally known as Toltec. These sculptures included colossal columnar warriors carved out of stone standing just over fifteen feet tall (Pasztory, 44). These warriors once supported the temple roof, just as the Aztec warriors supported the Aztec empire. The warriors were also

The Aztec Nation

5892 words - 24 pages Nahuatl- speaking, and seem to have entered the Central Valley from the north or northwest. The Toltec civilization gradually replaced the older, agricultural civilization, as Toltec influence was felt as far as the Yucatán Peninsula and other areas occupied by the Mayan peoples. Yet by the eleventh century A.D., another tribe, the Chichimecs, had already begun to eclipse the Toltecs as the dominant group of the Central Valley. By approximately

Politics of Mexico, NAFTA

4225 words - 17 pages Pretty good, could have touched base with NAFTA more could have touched base with NAFTA moreMexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the westernhemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatestdevelopment about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire inthe Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

Similar Essays

The Toltec, Aztec, And Mayan Indian Tribes

571 words - 2 pages The Toltec, Aztec, and Mayan Indian Tribes TOLTECS> The Toltecs were an Indian tribe who existed from 900 A.D. to 1200. They had a capital city of Tollan, and their influences reached south to the Yucatan and Guatemala. They were a composite tribe of Nahua, Otomi, and Nonoalca. The Tolt ecs made huge stone columns decorated like totem poles. AZTECS> Aztecs were an American Indian people who rule an empire in Mexico during

The Aztec Indians Essay

532 words - 2 pages The Aztec Indians, who are known for their domination of southern and central Mexico, ruled between the 14th and 16th centuries. Their name is derived from Azatlan, the homeland of the north. The Aztecs also call themselves Mexica and there language came from the Nahuatlan branch of the Uto-Aztecan family.The Aztecs were formed after the Toltec civilization occurred when hundreds of civilians came towards Lake Texcoco. Late families were

Describe And Discuss The Aztec Civilization. What Factors May Have Lead To Its Collapse?

1140 words - 5 pages still spoken in Mexico."The language of the Aztecs was Nahuatlan branch of the Uto-Aztecan family. The name "Aztec" is derived from a mythical homeland to the north called Azatlán; the Aztecs also called themselves the Mexica. Because of the decline in the Toltec civilization, they arrived in the Valley of Mexico from the north around 1110-1325AD. In 1325AD - The Aztecs founded the city of Tenochtitlan (modern day Mexico City) on an

Human History Essay

2131 words - 9 pages long before European civilizations discovered the new world. Medieval is literally the middle age because it comes between the era of Greco-Roman civilization and the intellectual, artistic, and economic changes of the renaissance in the fourteenth century, medieval culture that are as rich and creative as those that came earlier and later. Between 600 -1000 the period of Early Medieval Europe. A new threat to western appeared in 793, when