Top 10 List Of Uncontrollable Risk Factors For Infectious Diseases

779 words - 3 pages

Top 10 list of uncontrollable risk factors for infectious diseases

Airborne diseases

Regular check-ups / immunization / hygiene

Diseases communicated by air

i.e.) tuberculosis.flu and etc.

Radon

Change ventilation system / radon checks

According to CDT Minnesota Department of Health (2007), Radon is a radioactive gas - that means it continuously decays and releases radiation. It is produced from minerals in soil, such as uranium and radium. Although radon is present throughout the environment, when high levels are present indoors people are exposed to more of its radiation and their risk of cancer increases. Such a situation can be discovered easily and corrected.

Pollution

Public transportation / save energy / write letters

Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment (Wikipedia, 2007).

Smog

Use vehicle wisely / shut engine off when waiting

Smog is a kind of air pollution; the word "smog" is a portmanteau of smoke and fog. Classic smog results from large amounts of coal burning in an area and is caused by a mixture of smoke and sulphur dioxide.

Work environment

Notify government / wear protection / choose employer

Sanitize workstations.

According to Preston City Council (2006), Infection at Work: Controlling the Risk - A guide for employers and self employed on identifying, assessing and controlling the risk of infection in the workplace. (Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens)

Blood-borne viruses in the work place - Guide for employers and employees (HSE)

Controlling the Risk of Infection at Work from Human Remains - A Guide for Those involved in Funeral Services (Including embalmers) and those involved in exhumation (HSE)

Rape

Notice & be aware / escort & get escorted / self-defense

A sexually transmitted disease, or STD, is an infection that can be passed from one person to another through sexual contact or skin-to-skin contact.

i.e.) HIV, Genital Warts, Pubic Lice and etc.

Plausibility factor

Regularly intensive check-ups / live healthy

Hyaluronidase represents a plausible virulence factor. Unfortunately, the investigators did not directly measure this enzyme activity in their isolates. It is worrisome that the promiscuous enterococcus seems able to procure not only antibiotic resistance, but also virulence factors from other streptococci. The belly of the beast, namely the intensive care unit, may soon bring us more surprises. The hyaluronidases are a family of enzymes that...

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