Observation and research on human sexuality makes us aware of how subjective sexuality truly is. Individual differences in human sexuality can begin from birth all the way to adulthood. Gender is important because it is a biological factor that leads to individual variances in sexuality. Hormone levels also affect our sexual experiences. Too little or too much testosterone may lead to sexual disorders and can affect the person’s sexuality. Culture has a big impact on how people perceive human sexuality. Different cultures have limits on what is accepted in sexual experiences. Overall, the most common individual difference that we can observe in our everyday life is sexual orientation. Research in these areas aid us in becoming more understanding of individual differences in sexuality and by making sex a more explicit topic. Despite differences all humans feel the need to have human contact and procreate. Sexual development consists of the same stages for everyone. Research has found the peak of sexual arousal to be at the beginning of puberty. This information helps young adolescence to prepare for the changes occurring in their body. Understanding that sexuality is subjective and becoming aware of these differences aids in decreasing stereotypes and prejudice.
Gender is determined through fertilization of the eggs. Female gametes (eggs) always carry an X chromosome. The male gamete (sperm) carries either an X or Y chromosome so it is the final determinant of gender. The combination of a XX chromosome represents a female. The female reproductive organs begin to develop instead of the male organs. However, if the sperm is carrying a Y chromosome then the testosterone in the embryo activates male organs to begin to develop instead of female organs. XX and XY are the most common combinations however; there are other rare combinations such as XXY, XYY, XXYY, XXXY. These chromosomal disorders affect people sexually by making them infertile and having different body dispositions (Visootsak & Graham, 2009).
People with irregular hormone levels have a different sex life than the norm. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder is thought to be caused by low testosterone levels, being that testosterone plays a strong role in sexual arousal. However, there is still more research to be done in order to determine other factors that may influence it. Hypoactive sexual desire disorder is mostly seen in women during the post-menopausal stage. Hyperactive sexual desire disorder occurs when a person focuses on sex to an extreme; people that suffer from this disorder “are addicted to the neurochemical and dissociative high produced by their intense sexual fantasy life and ritualistic behavior” (Weiss, 2012).
Looking past biological differences in human sexuality there are individual factors that affect how we perceive sexuality. Culture determines what sexual practices are considered acceptable or unacceptable. An example that is quite different from the American culture...