The author Allen S. Keller, M.D., is the director of the Bellevue Hospital Center and belongs to the member’s advisory council on human rights. (p.558) He is well known for his advocacy on the various use of torture tactics used on Iraqi prisoners and other refuges. During a Congressional meeting Mr. Keller stated "To think that abusive methods, including the enhanced interrogation techniques [in which Keller included waterboarding], are harmless psychological ploys is contradictory to well established medical knowledge and clinical experience." (“CNN”, 2007)
In this paper, I summarize the article and identify relevant information and any changes that may have occurred since the publication of this article. I will also offer comments and aspects pertaining to material provided.
Keller (2008) wrote, documented and describes in great detail two cases on the use of torture concerning Iraqi detainees in Abu Ghraib prison and the physical and psychological consequences resulting from months of daily abuse at the hands of U.S military soldiers. Keller’s article suggests the importance of supervisory forensic psychological evaluations and by implementing such tools on prisoners can ensure physical and mental stability. Keller also documented the tool used in the examinations of said detainees as the Istanbul protocol. The goal is to provide empirical analysis of Abu Ghraib detainee’s long term effects due to mistreatment and abuse. The message and tone of the article is both politically and scientifically motivated.
After discussing the relevance of conducting physical and psychological examinations on the detainees, Keller (2008) seeks to prove that both detainees continue to suffer significant physical and psychological trauma as a result of political lax when it comes to policies of torture.
The dominant purpose of this article seems to be to convince the reader those methods of torture of any kind and especially for the purpose of information gathering is morally wrong. That there are long term physical and psychological consequences of torture in regards to Iraqi detainees due to months of abuse and mistreatment. The lack of sound medical professionals also needs to be called to attention. Upon the interviewing and debriefing the detainee victims in this case, resulted in significant long term physical and psychological suffering. Forensic psychological evaluations tests such as the Istanbul protocol were conducted on both former Iraqi detainees of Abu Ghraib. (Keller, 2006) The use of this test confirmed the significant amount of torture both physically and psychologically.
Although Keller offered persuasive evidence to support his analysis of significant psychological trauma, from mistreatment during imprisonment, Keller has failed to prove his case on long term physical trauma as a result of abuse. However he proved beyond a doubt that both detainees indeed do suffer and continue to suffer...